UCLA

58-121 Engineering IV

Box 951594

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594

(310) 825-2647

fax: (310) 206-4833

e-mail: eechair@ea.ucla.edu

http://www.ee.ucla.edu

Ali H. Sayed, Ph.D., *
Chair
*
Abeer A.H. Alwan, Ph.D.,

Warren S. Grundfest, M.D., FACS

Tatsuo Itoh, Ph.D. *
(Northrop Grumman Professor of Microwave and Millimeter Wave Electronics)*

Stephen E. Jacobsen, Ph.D., *
Associate Dean*

Chandrashekhar J. Joshi, Ph.D.

Gregory J. Pottie, Ph.D., *
Associate Dean*

Eli Yablonovitch, Ph.D. *
(Northrop Grumman Professor of Electrical Engineering)*

The Electrical Engineering Department emphasizes teaching and research in the fields of communications and telecommunications, control systems, electromagnetics, embedded computing systems, engineering optimization/operations research, integrated circuits and systems, microelectromechanical systems/nanotechnology (MEMS/nano), photonics and optoelectronics, plasma electronics, signal processing, and solid-state electronics. In each of these fields, the department has state-of-the-art research programs and facilities exploring exciting new concepts and developments. Undergraduate students receive a B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering. Graduate research and training programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are also offered.

The department is associated with several research centers, including the Center for High-Frequency Electronics (CHFE), Plasma Science and Technology Institute, Flight Systems Research Center (FSRC), Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS), Functional Engineered Nano Architectonics Focus Center (FENA), and Center for Nanoscience Innovation for Defense (CNID).

In partnership with its constituents, consisting of students, alumni, industry, and faculty members, the mission of the Electrical Engineering Department is to (1) produce highly qualified, well-rounded, and motivated students with fundamental and cutting-edge technical knowledge in electrical engineering to serve California, the nation, and the world, (2) pursue creative research and new technologies in electrical engineering and across disciplines in order to serve the needs of industry, government, society, and the scientific community by expanding the body of knowledge in the field, (3) develop partnerships with industrial and government agencies, (4) achieve visibility by active participation in conferences and technical and community activities, and (5) publish enduring scientific articles and books.

Undergraduate Program Objectives

The ABET-accredited electrical engineering curriculum gives an excellent background for either graduate study or employment. In consultation with its constituents, the Electrical Engineering Department has set its educational objectives as follows: (1) fundamental knowledge, whereby program graduates are skilled in the fundamental concepts of electrical engineering necessary for success in industry or graduate school, (2) specialization, whereby program graduates are prepared to pursue career choices in electrical engineering, computer engineering, biomedical engineering, or related interdisciplinary fields that benefit from a strong background in applied sciences or engineering, (3) design skills, whereby program graduates are prepared with problem-solving, laboratory, and design skills for technical careers, (4) professional skills, whereby program graduates are prepared with communication and teamwork skills as well as an appreciation for ethical behavior necessary to thrive in their careers, and (5) self-learning, whereby program graduates are prepared to continue their professional development through continuing education and personal development experiences based on their awareness of library resources and professional societies, journals, and meetings.

Course requirements are as follows (190 minimum units required):

- 1. One engineering breadth course from Materials Science and Engineering 14, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102, 103, M105A (or Chemical Engineering M105A)
- 2. Electrical Engineering 10, M16 (or Computer Science M51A), 101, 102, 103, 110, 110L, 113, 115A, 115AL, 121B, 131A, 132A, 141, 161, 172, Mathematics 113 or 132, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 182A
- 3. Five major field elective courses (18 units minimum) selected from those offered by the Electrical Engineering Department. Of the five courses, one laboratory course (4 units) and one design course (4 units) are required. With approval of the adviser, two may be selected from courses related to electrical engineering in other departments
- 4. Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A, 20B, 20L; Computer Science 31, 32; Electrical Engineering 1, 2; Mathematics 31A, 31B, 32A, 32B, 33A, 33B; Physics 1A, 1B, 4AL, 4BL
- 5. HSSEAS general education (GE) requirements; see School Requirements on page 21 and http://www.registrar.ucla.edu/ge/GE-ENGRNew05-06.pdf for details

Course requirements are as follows (201 minimum units required):

- 1. Electrical Engineering 10, M16 (or Computer Science M51A), 101, 102, 103, 110, 110L, 113, 114D, 115A, 115AL, 121B, 131A, 132A, 141, 161, Mathematics 113 or 132, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103, M105A, 182A
- 2. Life Sciences 1 (satisfies HSSEAS GE life sciences requirement), 2, 3
- 3. Three technical electives, including one course selected from Electrical Engineering 115B, 115C, 142, 172; the remaining two courses may be selected from the above list and/or from Biomedical Engineering C101, CM102, CM103, Computer Science M186B, CM186L, Electrical Engineering 176
- 4. Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A, 20B, 20L, 30A, 30AL; Computer Science 31; Electrical Engineering 1, 2; Mathematics 31A, 31B, 32A, 32B, 33A, 33B; Physics 1A, 1B, 4AL, 4BL
- 5. HSSEAS general education (GE) requirements; see School Requirements on page 21 and http://www.registrar.ucla.edu/ge/GE-ENGRNew05-06.pdf for details

Course requirements are as follows (190 minimum units required):

- 1. One engineering breadth course from Materials Science and Engineering 14, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102, 103, M105A (or Chemical Engineering M105A)
- 2. Computer Science 111, 180, Electrical Engineering 10, M16 (or Computer Science M51A), 101, 102, 103, 110, 110L, 113, 115A, 115AL,115C, M116C (or Computer Science M151B), M116D (or Computer Science M152B), M116L (or Computer Science M152A), 121B, 131A, Mathematics 113 or 132, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 182A
- 3. Four technical elective courses, one of which must be Electrical Engineering 132A or either Computer Science 118 or Electrical Engineering 132B. The remaining three courses must be upper division electrical engineering or computer science courses, and at least three of the four must be from the Electrical Engineering Department
- 4. Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A; Computer Science 31, 32, 33; Electrical Engineering 1, 2; Mathematics 31A, 31B, 32A, 32B, 33A, 33B; Physics 1A, 1B, 4AL, 4BL
- 5. HSSEAS general education (GE) requirements; see School Requirements on page 21 and http://www.registrar.ucla.edu/ge/GE-ENGRNew05-06.pdf for details

Departures from the stated requirements are possible, and students who wish to follow programs that cannot be accommodated within these requirements may prepare, in consultation with their advisers, proposals for consideration by the department. Variations are approved if the overall program has a well-defined educational objective and is substantially equivalent to the existing curriculum in breadth and depth.

For information on graduate admission see Graduate Programs, page 24.

The following introductory information is based on the 2005-06 edition of *
Program Requirements for UCLA Graduate Degrees*
. Complete annual editions of *
Program Requirements* are available from the "Publications" link at http://www.gdnet.ucla.edu. Students are subject to the degree requirements as published in *
Program Requirements*
for the year in which they matriculate.

The Department of Electrical Engineering offers Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees in Electrical Engineering.

Students may select either the thesis plan or comprehensive examination plan. At least nine courses are required, of which at least five must be graduate courses. In the thesis plan, seven of the nine must be formal courses, including at least four from the 200 series. The remaining two may be 598 courses involving work on the thesis. In the comprehensive examination plan, no units of 500-series courses may be applied toward the minimum course requirement. A majority of the courses must be in or related to electrical engineering and belong to one of the specialized major fields described below.

*
Undergraduate Courses.*
Lower and upper division undergraduate courses required for any of the B.S. options in Electrical Engineering cannot be applied toward graduate degrees.

In addition, the following upper division courses are not applicable toward graduate degrees: Chemical Engineering M105A, 199; Civil and Environmental Engineering 106A, 108, 199; Computer Science M152A, M152B, M171L, 199; Electrical Engineering 100, 101, 102, 103, 110L, M116D, M116L, M171L, 199; Materials Science and Engineering 110, 120, 130, 131, 131L, 132, 140, 141L, 150, 160, 161L, 199; Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102, 103, M105A, 105D, 199.

Communications and Telecommunications

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Engineering or equivalent.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
Nine 4-unit courses, of which at least six must be graduate courses.

*
Thesis Plan*
. Electrical Engineering 230A, 232A; two additional 200-level electrical engineering courses in the communications and telecommunications engineering area; three or more courses, of which at least two must be 200-level electrical engineering courses, subject to the approval of the student's adviser. Eight units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 must be taken to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis. Both 598 courses count toward the minimum of nine courses.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.* Electrical Engineering 230A, 232A; two additional 200-level electrical engineering courses in the communications and telecommunications engineering area; five or more courses, of which at least two must be 200-level electrical engineering courses, subject to the approval of the student's adviser.

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering or equivalent.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Seven graduate-level courses, of which at least five must be selected from the list of courses covering the control systems fundamentals, and a thesis. The remaining courses are subject to the approval of the student's adviser. In addition, 8 units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 must be taken to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Nine courses, of which seven must be graduate courses and at least five must be selected from the list of courses covering the control systems fundamentals. The remaining courses are subject to the approval of the student's adviser.

Basic graduate courses in control systems fundamentals: Electrical Engineering M240A, 240B, M240C, 241A, 241B, 241C, M242A.

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering or equivalent.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Eight units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 must be taken to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis. Both 598 courses count toward the minimum of nine courses, but only one can count toward the requirement of five graduate-level courses. A minimum of four graduate courses is to be selected from the Group II list.

The remaining courses may, subject to the approval of the student's adviser, be selected as free electives from the 100 or 200 series in order to meet the overall requirements given above.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
At least seven courses must be selected from those listed below in Groups I and II, and at least four of the seven courses must be selected from Group II.

The remaining two courses may, subject to the approval of the student's adviser, be selected as free electives from the 100 or 200 series in order to meet the overall requirements given above.

Group I: Electrical Engineering 162A, 163A, 163B, 163C, M185.

Group II: Electrical Engineering 221C, 260A, 260B, 261, 262, 263, 266, 270.

*
Requisite:*
B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Nine courses, of which at least six must be graduate courses, and a thesis. The three courses in Group I must be completed, and at least three courses must be selected from Group II. The remaining three courses may be selected as free electives. Eight units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 may be applied as free electives.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Nine courses, of which at least six must be graduate courses. The three courses in Group I must be completed, and at least three courses must be selected from Group II. The remaining three courses may be selected as free electives.

Group I: Electrical Engineering 201A, M202A, 204A.

Group II: Electrical Engineering M202B, 213A, M216A, Computer Science 251A, 252A.

*
Free Electives.* All 100- and 200-level courses are acceptable as free electives subject to the approval of the faculty adviser and major field chair. However, students are strongly encouraged to take these courses from allied major fields, such as communications and telecommunications, integrated circuits and systems, and signal processing. Undergraduate core courses may not be applied as free electives.

Engineering Optimization/ Operations Research

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Engineering or Mathematical Sciences or equivalent.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
At least nine courses, of which at least five must be graduate courses. For the requisite structure, consult the department.

In consultation with an adviser, students may elect the thesis plan or the comprehensive examination plan. M.S. students in either plan must take at least three courses from Group I and at least two courses from Group II.

Group I: Optimization (Mathematical Programming): Electrical Engineering 232E, 236A, 236B, 236C.

Group II: Applied Stochastic Processes and Dynamic Programming: Electrical Engineering 232A, 232B, 232C, M237.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Under the thesis plan, students must take 8 units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis. Only 4 of these units may be used to satisfy the graduate course requirement; however, the 8 units can be used to satisfy the total course requirement.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Under the comprehensive examination plan, students may not apply any 500-level courses toward the course requirements.

Integrated Circuits and Systems

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering or equivalent, with strong emphasis on circuit design. Coursework must have covered the material contained in Electrical Engineering 113, 115B, and 115C.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
Nine courses, of which at least six must be graduate courses. A thesis must be completed under the direction of a faculty adviser.

*
Thesis Plan.*
The three courses in Group I must be completed. In addition, three courses must be selected from Groups II and III with, at most, one from Group III. The remaining three courses may be selected as free electives.

Comprehensive Examination Plan. Eleven graduate courses, including the three courses in Group I and at least six courses from Groups II and III, with no more than two courses from Group III. Two elective courses may be taken from any 200-level courses in the department. The courses must be taken for letter grades and are subject to the approval of the faculty adviser. Undergraduate courses may not be applied.

*
Group I: Electrical Engineering 215A, 215B, M216A. *

*
Group II: Electrical Engineering 201A, M202A, 212A, 212B, 213A, 215C, 215D, 215E. *

*
Group III: Computer Science 251A, 252A 253C. *

*
Free Electives.*
With some exceptions, all 100- and 200-level courses are acceptable as free electives subject to the approval of the faculty adviser. However, it is strongly recommended that courses from the fields of communications and telecommunications, signal processing, and solid-state electronics be used as the free electives. Undergraduate core courses in the Electrical Engineering Department and HSSEAS may not be applied as free electives. Electrical Engineering 598 may be applied as one of the three electives.

The normal courseload approved by a faculty adviser is such that it requires a full-time presence on campus and, as a rule, precludes part-time off-campus employment. The M.S. program should normally take four quarters and a summer for completion.

Microelectromechanical Systems/Nanotechnology (MEMS/Nano)

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Physics, or equivalent.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
At least nine graduate and upper division courses (36 units) must be completed in graduate standing. At least six courses (24 units) must be graduate 200-level courses. All courses in Group I (14 units) must be completed, and at least one course (4 units) must be selected from Group II. The remaining 18 units may be free electives, but 12 units must be at the graduate level.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Course requirements listed above and the comprehensive examination must be completed.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Course requirements listed above and a thesis, which must be reviewed by a committee of at least three faculty members who hold regular professorial appointments at the University (no adjunct or visiting professors), must be completed. A maximum of 8 units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 may be applied as free electives, but only 4 units (one course) may be applied as one of the six required graduate-level courses. Thesis-plan students who complete only 4 units of course 598 are required to complete four elective courses (16 units), at least three of which must be graduate-level courses. Thesis-plan students who complete 8 units of course 598 are required to complete three elective courses (12 units), at least two of which must be graduate-level courses.

Group I: Electrical Engineering M150, M150L, M250A, M250B.

Group II: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 281, 284.

*
Free Electives.*
All 100- and 200-level courses are acceptable as free electives subject to the approval of the faculty adviser and the chair of the MEMS/nanotechnology major field. Since the field of MEMS/nanotechnology is broadly applicable, students may take these courses from any of the other major fields in electrical engineering, as well as those fields of particular relevance to MEMS/nanotechnology that are outside the Electrical Engineering Department (e.g., mechanical engineering, materials science, bioengineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, physics). Undergraduate core courses may not be applied as free electives. An undergraduate course that is a requisite for a graduate course may not be taken after the graduate course.

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Engineering or Physics or equivalent.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Electrical Engineering 270, 271, either 272 or 273 or 274, 598 (twice), and four additional courses, of which at least one must be a 200-level course.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Electrical Engineering 270, 271, either 272 or 273 or 274, and six additional courses, of which at least two must be 200-level courses.

*
Additional Courses.*
With a few exceptions, all 100- and 200-level courses in the *
UCLA General Catalog*
are acceptable subject to the approval of the adviser. The exceptions are the following courses (which are not acceptable for any M.S. program in Electrical Engineering): (1) all school undergraduate core courses and (2) all department undergraduate core courses. Consult the departmental adviser for lists of the courses.

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Engineering or Physics or equivalent.

*
Thesis Plan.*
Electrical Engineering M185, 285A, 285B, 598 (twice), and four additional courses from the list below. Of these, at least two must be in the 200 series and at least one must be in electrical engineering. If Electrical Engineering M185 was taken as an undergraduate, it may be replaced by any engineering course on the list below.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
Electrical Engineering M185, 285A, 285B, and six additional courses from the list below. Of these, at least three must be in the 200 series and at least one must be in electrical engineering. Of the remainder, at least one other course must be in engineering. If Electrical Engineering M185 was taken as an undergraduate, it may be replaced by any course on the list below. Other courses may be substituted with the consent of the department adviser.

*
Additional Courses.*
Electrical Engineering 115A, 115AL, 115B, 115BL, 115C, 122L, 123A, 123B, 124, 162A, 163A, 163B, 164L, 172, 208A, 208B, 270, 271, 272, M287, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 150A, 150B, 250A, 252A, 252B, Physics 160, 180E, 222A, 222B, 222C, 231A, 231B.

*
Requisite*
. B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
Nine 4-unit courses, of which at least seven must be graduate courses.

*
Thesis Plan.*
A thesis must also be completed under the direction of a faculty adviser. Eight units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 can be taken to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis. Both 598 courses count toward the minimum of nine courses, but only one counts toward the seven graduate-level courses. The four courses in Group I must be completed, and at least two courses must be selected from Group II. The two courses from Group II may be substituted by other 200-level electrical engineering courses with the approval of the student's faculty adviser. The remaining courses may be selected as free electives and/or Electrical Engineering 598.

*
Comprehensive Examination Plan.*
The four courses in Group I must be completed, and at least two courses must be selected from Group II. The two courses from Group II may be substituted by other 200-level electrical engineering courses with the approval of the student's faculty adviser. The remaining courses may be selected as free electives.

Group I: Electrical Engineering 210A, 211A, 212A, M214A.

Group II: Electrical Engineering 210B, 211B, 212B, 213A, 214B, M216A.

*
Free Electives.*
All 100- and 200-level courses in the *
UCLA General Catalog*
are acceptable as free electives with the exception of undergraduate core courses in HSSEAS and undergraduate Electrical Engineering Department core courses. The choice of free electives must be approved by the faculty adviser.

*
Requisite.*
B.S. degree in Engineering or equivalent.

*
Minimum Course Requirements.*
Nine courses, of which at least five must be graduate courses. The program must include all core courses listed below with the remaining courses selected from the options list. Additional options may be applied with the consent of the adviser.

Eight units (two courses) of Electrical Engineering 598 must be taken to cover the research work and preparation of the thesis. Both 598 courses count toward the minimum of nine courses, but only one counts toward the five required graduate-level courses.

*
Solid-State Physical Electronics Requirements.*
Core: Electrical Engineering 123B, 124, 223. Options: At least two courses from Electrical Engineering 221A, 221B, 221C, 224, and 225, with the remaining courses from graduate courses and those upper division courses that are not required for the B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering, with approval of the graduate adviser.

*
Semiconductor Device Physics and Design Requirements.*
Core: Electrical Engineering 123B, 124, 221A, 221B. Options: At least two courses from Electrical Engineering 221C, 222, 223, 224, 225, and 298 (in solid-state electronics), with the remaining courses from graduate courses and those upper division courses that are not required for the B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering, with approval of the graduate adviser.

Comprehensive Examination Plan

Communications and Telecommunications

A written comprehensive examination is administered by the communications and telecommunications field committee. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser. The examination may be given as part of the written Ph.D. preliminary examination in the communications and telecommunications field.

A written comprehensive examination, administered by a three-person committee chaired by a member of the controls field committee, must be taken during the last quarter of study toward the M.S. degree. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser.

A common six- to eight-hour comprehensive examination is offered once a year to students in this M.S. program. The examination must be taken during the academic year at the end of which students are expected to graduate. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser.

Students are required to pass a written examination scheduled by the embedded computing systems field chair to be concurrent with the Ph.D. preliminary examination.

Engineering Optimization/Operations Research

Students take a common written examination during their last quarter of coursework. The examination is normally offered at the end of Fall and Spring Quarters. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser.

Integrated Circuits and Systems

A written comprehensive examination is administered by the integrated circuits and systems field committee. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser. The examination may be given as part of the written Ph.D. preliminary examination in the integrated circuits and systems field.

Microelectromechanical Systems/Nanotechnology

Students are required to pass a written examination scheduled by the microelectromechanical systems/nanotechnology (MEMS/nano) field chair to be concurrent with the Ph.D. preliminary examination.

Consult the department. In case of failure of the comprehensive examination, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser.

Consult the department. The majority of M.S. candidates proceed to the Ph.D. The Ph.D. qualifying examination may be taken to satisfy the M.S. comprehensive examination requirement.

A written comprehensive examination is administered by the signal processing field committee. In case of failure, students may be reexamined once with the consent of the graduate adviser. The examination may be given as part of the written Ph.D. preliminary examination in the signal processing field.

The comprehensive examination plan is not offered.

Consult the department for information on the thesis plan for the areas of communications and telecommunications, control systems, electromagnetics, engineering optimization/operations research, photonics and optoelectronics, and plasma electronics.

Students are expected to find a faculty adviser to direct a research project that culminates in an M.S. thesis. The thesis research must be conducted concurrently with the coursework.

Integrated Circuits and Systems

Students are expected to find a faculty adviser to direct a research project that culminates in an M.S. thesis. The thesis research must be conducted in the Integrated Circuits and Systems Laboratory concurrently with the coursework.

Microelectromechanical Systems/Nanotechnology

Students are expected to find a faculty adviser to direct a research project that culminates in an M.S. thesis. The thesis research must be conducted concurrently with the coursework.

A thesis must be completed under the direction of a faculty adviser.

A thesis is required. Consult the department for details.

Major Fields or Subdisciplines

Communications and telecommunications; control systems; electromagnetics; embedded computing systems; engineering optimization/operations research; integrated circuits and systems; microelectromechanical systems/nanotechnology (MEMS/nano); photonics and optoelectronics; plasma electronics; signal processing; solid-state electronics.

There is no formal course requirement for the Ph.D. degree, and students may theoretically substitute coursework by examinations. Normally, however, students take courses to acquire the knowledge needed for the required written and oral preliminary examinations. The basic program of study for the Ph.D. degree is built around one major field and two minor fields. A detailed syllabus describing each major field can be obtained in the department office. The major field has a scope corresponding to a body of knowledge contained in six courses, at least four of which are graduate courses, plus the current literature in the area of specialization. Each major field named above is described in a Ph.D. major field syllabus. Each minor field normally embraces a body of knowledge equivalent to three courses, at least two of which are graduate courses. Grades of B- or better, with a grade-point average of at least 3.33 in all courses included in the minor field, are required. If students fail to satisfy the minor field requirements through coursework, a minor field examination may be taken (once only). The minor fields are usually selected to support the major field and are usually subsets of other major fields.

Written and Oral Qualifying Examinations

The written qualifying examination is known as the Ph.D. preliminary examination in HSSEAS. After mastering the body of knowledge defined in the major field, students take a preliminary examination in the major field. The examination typically consists of both a written part and an oral part, and students pass the entire examination and not in parts. The oral part does not exceed two hours and in some major fields is not required at all. Students who fail the examination may repeat it once only, subject to the approval of the major field committee. The major field examination, together with the three courses in a minor field, should be completed within six quarters after admission to the Ph.D. program.

After passing the written qualifying examination described above, students take the University Oral Qualifying Examination, which should occur within three quarters after completing the written examination. The nature and content of the examination are at the discretion of the doctoral committee, but ordinarily include a broad inquiry into the student's preparation for research. The doctoral committee also reviews the prospectus of the dissertation at the oral qualifying examination.

*
Note: Doctoral Committees.*
A doctoral committee consists of a minimum of four members. Three members, including the chair, are "inside" members and must hold appointments at UCLA in the student's major department in HSSEAS. The "outside" member must be a UCLA faculty member outside the student's major department.

Communications and Telecommunications

Communications and telecommunications research is concerned with communications, telecommunications, networking, and information processing principles and their engineering applications. Communications research includes satellite, spread spectrum, and digital communications systems. Fast estimation, detection, and optimization algorithms and processing techniques for communications, radar, and VLSI design are studied. Research is conducted in stochastic modeling of telecommunications engineering systems, switching, architectures, queueing systems, computer communications networks, local-area/metropolitan-area/long-haul communications networks, optical communications networks, packet-radio and cellular radio networks, and personal communications systems. Research in networking also includes studies of processor communications and synchronization for parallel and distributed processing in computer and sensor network systems. Several aspects of communications networks and processing systems are thoroughly investigated, including system architectures, protocols, performance modeling and analysis, simulation studies, and analytical optimization. Investigations in information theory involve basic concepts and practices of channel and source coding. Significant multidisciplinary programs including sensing and radio communication networks exist.

Faculty and students in the control systems field conduct research in control, estimation, filtering, and identification of dynamic systems, including deterministic and stochastic, linear- and nonlinear-, and finite- and infinite-dimensional systems. Topics of particular interest include adaptive, distributed, nonlinear, optimal, and robust control, with applications to autonomous systems, smart structures, flight systems, microbiotics, microelectromechanical systems, and distributed networks.

Research in electromagnetics is conducted on novel integrated three-dimensional microwave and millimeter wave circuits, components, and systems, printed antennas, wireless and personal communications, fiber optics, integrated optics and photonic bandgap wave-guiding structures, left-handed transmission structures, antenna theory and design, satellite antennas, smart antennas and materials, antennas and biological tissue interactions, modern antenna near field measurement techniques, microwave holography and antenna diagnostics, radar cross section, multiple scattering, genetic algorithms, ultra wideband radar, radar signal processing, time domain electromagnetics, novel time domain, advanced EM numerical techniques, and parallel computational techniques.

Faculty in the embedded computing systems field conduct research in areas including processor architectures and VLSI design methodologies for real-time embedded systems in application domains such as cryptography, digital signal processing, algebra, wireless and high-speed communications, mobile and wireless multimedia systems, distributed wireless sensor networks, power-aware computing and communications, quality of service, quantum and nanoelectronic computation, quantum information processing, fault-tolerant computation, combinatorics and information theory, advanced statistical processing, adaptive algorithms, dynamic circuits to implement configurable computing systems, low-power processor and system design, multimedia and communications processing, and all techniques for leveraging instruction-level parallelism.

Engineering Optimization/Operations Research

Engineering optimization/operations research is conducted in optimization theory, including linear and nonlinear programming, convex optimization and engineering applications, numerical methods, nonconvex programming, and associated network flow and graph problems. Another area of study is that of stochastic processes, including renewal theory, Markov chains, stochastic dynamic programming, and queueing theory. Applications are made to a variety of engineering design problems, including communications and telecommunications.

Integrated Circuits and Systems

Students and faculty in integrated circuits and systems (IC&S) are engaged in research on communications and RF integrated circuit design; analog and digital signal processing microsystems; integrated microsensors and associated low-power microelectronics; reconfigurable computing systems; and multimedia and communications processors. Current projects include wireless transceiver integrated circuits, including RF and baseband circuits; high-speed data communications integrated circuits; A/D and D/A converters; and digital processor design. M.S. and Ph.D. degrees require a thesis based on an ongoing IC&S project and full-time presence on campus. More information is at http://www.icsl.ucla.edu.

Microelectromechanical Systems/Nanotechnology

The microelectromechanical systems/nanotechnology (MEMS/nano) program is one of the fastest growing research programs in the school, with faculty and student participation from the Departments of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering. Inside the Electrical Engineering Department, the program has attracted students from solid-state electronics, integrated circuits and systems, photonics and optoelectronics, electromagnetics, computer engineering, and control systems. MEMS/nano research at UCLA emphasizes the design, fabrication, and physics of sensors, actuators, and systems on a nanometer to millimeter scale. Research project areas include free-space micro optics (MOEMS), biology and medicine (BioMEMS), neuroengineering, advanced circuit integration with MEMS, reconfigurable electromagnetic systems (RF MEMS, millimeter wave devices, antennas), fluid dynamics, and distributed sensor and actuator networks.

The photonics and optoelectronics group conducts research on photonic and optoelectronic devices, circuits, and systems. Target applications include but are not limited to telecommunication, data communication, phased array antenna systems, radar, CATV and HFC networks, and biomedicine. Among technologies being developed are nonlinear optical devices, ultrafast photodetectors and modulators, infrared detectors, mode-locked lasers, photonic bandgap devices, DWDM, CDMA, true time delay beam steering, temporal manipulation techniques and data conversion, digital and analog transceivers, optical MEMS, and biomedical sensors. Laboratory facilities host the latest technology in lasers, optical measurements, Gbit/s bit error rate testing, and millimeter wave optoelectronic characterization. UCLA photonics hosts several national research centers including the DARPA Consortium for Optical A/D System Technology (COAST), the Navy MURI Center on RF Photonics, and the Army MURI Center on Photonic Bandgap Research. The group is a member of the Optoelectronic Industry Development Association (OIDA).

Plasma electronics research is concerned with a basic understanding of both inertially confined and magnetically confined fusion plasmas, as well as with the applications of plasma physics in areas such as laser plasma accelerators, ion beam sources, plasma-materials processing, and free-electron lasers. Extensive laboratory facilities are available, including high-power lasers and microwave and millimeter wave sources and detectors, a state-of-the-art laser and beam physics laboratory for advanced accelerator studies, and large quiescent low-density plasmas for nonlinear wave studies. In addition, experiments are conducted at a variety of national laboratories.

Signal processing encompasses the techniques, hardware, algorithms, and systems used to process one-dimensional and multidimensional sequences of data. Research being conducted in the signal processing group reflects the broad interdisciplinary nature of the field today. Areas of current interest include analysis, synthesis, and coding of speech signals, video signal processing, digital filter analysis and design, multirate signal processing, image compression, adaptive filtering, communications signal processing, equalization techniques, synthetic aperture radar remote sensing, signal processing for hearing aids, auditory system modeling, automatic speech recognition, wireless communication, digital signal processor architectures, and the characterization and analysis of three-dimensional time-varying medical image data. The M.S. program includes a thesis project or a comprehensive examination.

Solid-state electronics research involves studies of new and advanced devices with picosecond switching times and high-frequency capabilities up to submillimeter wave ranges. Topics being investigated are hot electron transistors, quantum devices, heterojunction bipolar transistors, HEMTs, MESFETs, ultra-scaled MOSFETs, SOI devices, bipolar devices, and photovoltaic devices. The studies of basic materials, submicron structures, and device principles range from Si, Si-Ge, Si-Silicides, and III-V molecular beam epitaxy to the modeling of electron transport in high fields and short temporal and spatial scales. Research in progress also includes fabrication, testing, and reliability of new types of VLSI devices and circuits.

Students and faculty have access to a modern networked computing environment that interconnects UNIX workstations as well as Windows and Linux PCs. These machines are provided by the Electrical Engineering Department; most of them operate in a client-server mode, but stand-alone configurations are supported as well. Furthermore, this network connects to mainframes and supercomputers provided by the Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science and the Office of Academic Computing, as well as off-campus supercomputers according to need.

The rapidly growing department-wide network comprises about 500 computers. These include about 200 workstations from Sun, HP, and SGI, and about 300 PCs, all connected to a 100 Mbit/s network with multiple parallel T3 lines running to individual research laboratories and computer rooms. The server functions are performed by several high-speed, high-capacity RAID servers from Network Appliance and IBM which serve user directories and software applications in a unified transparent fashion. All this computing power is distributed in research laboratories, computer classrooms, and open-access computer rooms.

Center for High-Frequency Electronics

The Center for High-Frequency Electronics has been established with support from several governmental agencies and contributions from local industries. A goal of the center is to combine, in a synergistic manner, five new areas of research. These include (1) solid-state millimeter wave devices, (2) millimeter systems for imaging and communications, (3) millimeter wave high-power sources (gyrotrons, etc.), (4) GaAs gigabit logic systems, and (5) VLSI and LSI based on new materials and structures. The center supports work in these areas by providing the necessary advanced equipment and facilities and allows the University to play a major role in initiating and generating investigations into new electronic devices. Students, both graduate and undergraduate, receive training and instruction in a unique facility.

The second major goal of the center is to bring together the manpower and skills necessary to synthesize new areas of activity by stimulating interactions between different interdependent fields. The Electrical Engineering Department, other departments within UCLA, and local universities (such as Cal Tech and USC) have begun to combine and correlate certain research programs as a result of the formation of the center. Students and faculty are encouraged to become active in using the center's facilities, attending its seminars, and participating in innovative new research programs. For more information, see http://chfe.ee.ucla.edu.

The Circuits Laboratories are equipped for measurements on high-speed analog and digital circuits and are used for the experimental study of communication, signal processing, and instrumentation systems.

A hybrid integrated circuit facility is available for rapid mounting, testing, and revision of miniature circuits. These include both discrete components and integrated circuit chips. The laboratory is available to advanced undergraduate and graduate students through faculty sponsorship on thesis topics, research grants, or special studies.

The Electromagnetics Laboratories involve the disciplines of microwaves, millimeter waves, wireless electronics, and electromechanics. Students enrolled in microwave laboratory courses, such as Electrical Engineering 164AL and 164BL, special projects classes such as Electrical Engineering 199, and/or research projects, have the opportunity to obtain experimental and design experience in the following technology areas: (1) integrated microwave circuits and antennas, (2) integrated millimeter wave circuits and antennas, (3) numerical visualization of electromagnetic waves, (4) electromagnetic scattering and radar cross-section measurements, and (5) antenna near field and diagnostics measurements.

Nanoelectronics Research Facility

The state-of-the-art Nanoelectronics Research Facility for graduate research and teaching as well as the undergraduate microelectronics teaching laboratory are housed in an 8,500-square-foot class 100/class 1000 clean room with a full complement of utilities, including high purity deionized water, high purity nitrogen, and exhaust scrubbers. The NRF supports research on nanometer-scale fabrication and on the study of fundamental quantum size effects, as well as exploration of innovative nanometer-scale device concepts. The laboratory also supports many other schoolwide programs in device fabrication, such as MEMS and optoelectronics. For more information, see http://www.nanolab.ucla.edu.

Photonics and Optoelectronics Laboratories

In the Laser Laboratory students study the properties of lasers and gain an understanding of the application of this modern technology to optics, communication, and holography.

The Photonics and Optoelectronics Laboratories include facilities for research in all of the basic areas of quantum electronics. Specific areas of experimental investigation include high-powered lasers, nonlinear optical processes, ultrafast lasers, parametric frequency conversion, electro-optics, infrared detection, and semiconductor lasers and detectors. Operating lasers include mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF lasers, Ti:Al2O3 lasers, ultraviolet and visible wavelength argon lasers, wavelength-tunable dye lasers, as well as gallium arsenide, helium-neon, excimer, and high-powered continuous and pulsed carbon dioxide laser systems. Also available are equipment and facilities for research on semiconductor lasers, fiber optics, non-linear optics, and ultrashort laser pulses. Facilities for mirror polishing and coating and high-vacuum gas handling systems are also available.

These laboratories are open to undergraduate and graduate students who have faculty sponsorship for their thesis projects or special studies.

Two laboratories are dedicated to the study of the effects of intense laser radiation on matter in the plasma state. One, located in Engineering IV, houses a state-of-the-art table top terrawatt (T3) 400fs laser system that can be operated in either a single or dual frequency mode for laser-plasma interaction studies. Diagnostic equipment includes a ruby laser scattering system, a streak camera, and optical spectrographs and multichannel analyzer. Parametric instabilities such as stimulated Raman scattering have been studied, as well as the resonant excitation of plasma waves by optical mixing. The second laboratory, located in Boelter Hall, houses the MARS laser, currently the largest on-campus university CO2 laser in the U.S. It can produce 200J, 170ps pulses of CO2 radiation, focusable to 1016 W/cm2. The laser is used for testing new ideas for laser-driven particle accelerators and free-electron lasers. Several high-pressure, short-pulse drivers can be used on the MARS; other equipment includes a theta-pinch plasma generator, an electron linac injector, and electron detectors and analyzers.

A second group of laboratories is dedicated to basic research in plasma sources for basic experiments, plasma processing, and plasma heating.

Solid-State Electronics Facilities

Solid-state electronics equipment and facilities include (1) a modern integrated semiconductor device processing laboratory, (2) complete new Si and III-V compound molecular beam epitaxy systems, (3) CAD and mask-making facilities, (4) lasers for beam crystallization study, (5) thin film and characterization equipment, (6) deep-level transient spectroscopy instruments, (7) computerized capacitance-voltage and other characterization equipment, including doping density profiling systems, (8) low-temperature facilities for material and device physics studies in cryogenic temperatures, (9) optical equipment, including many different types of lasers for optical characterization of superlattice and quantum well devices, (10) characterization equipment for high-speed devices, including (11) high magnetic field facilities for magnetotransport measurement of heterostructures.

The laboratory facilities are available to faculty, staff, and graduate students for their research.

Asad A. Abidi, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1981)

High-performance analog electronics, device modeling

Abeer A.H. Alwan, Ph.D. (MIT, 1992)

Speech processing, acoustic properties of speech sounds with applications to speech synthesis, recognition by machine and coding, hearing-aid design, and digital signal processing

*A.V. Balakrishnan, Ph.D. (USC, 1954)1

Control and communications, flight systems applications

Frank M.C. Chang, Ph.D. (National Chiao-Tung, Taiwan, 1979)

High-speed semiconductor (GaAs, InP, and Si) devices and integrated circuits for digital, analog, microwave, and optoelectronic integrated circuit applications

Harold R. Fetterman, Ph.D. (Cornell, 1968)

Optical millimeter wave interactions, high-frequency optical polymer modulators and applications, solid-state millimeter wave structures and systems, biomedical applications of lasers

Michael P. Fitz, Ph.D. (USC, 1989)

Physical layer communication theory and implementation with applications in wireless systems

Warren S. Grundfest, M.D., FACS (Columbia U., 1980)

Development of lasers for medical applications, minimally invasive surgery, magnetic resonance-guided interventional procedures, laser lithotripsy, microendoscopy, spectroscopy, photodynamic therapy (PDT), optical technology, biologic feedback control mechanisms

Tatsuo Itoh, Ph.D. (Illinois, Urbana, 1969)

Microwave and millimeter wave electronics; guided wave structures; low-power wireless electronics; integrated passive components and antennas; photonic bandgap structures and meta materials applications; active integrated antennas, smart antennas; RF technologies for reconfigurable front-ends; sensors and transponders

Stephen E. Jacobsen, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1968)

Operations research, mathematical programming, nonconvex programming, applications of mathematical programming to engineering and engineering/economic systems

Rajeev Jain, Ph.D. (Katholieke U., Leuven, Belgium, 1985)

Design of digital communications and digital signal processing circuits and systems

Bahram Jalali, Ph.D. (Columbia U., 1989)

RF photonics, integrated optics, fiber optic integrated circuits

Chandrashekhar J. Joshi, Ph.D. (Hull U., England, 1978)

Laser fusion, laser acceleration of particles, nonlinear optics, high-power lasers, plasma physics

William J. Kaiser, Ph.D. (Wayne State, 1983)

Research and development of new microsensor and microinstrument technology for industry, science, and biomedical applications; development and applications of new atomic-resolution scanning probe microscopy methods for microelectronic device research

Alan Laub, Ph.D. (Minnesota, 1974)

Numerical linear algebra, numerical analysis, condition estimation, computer-aided control system design, high-performance computing

Nhan Levan, Ph.D. (Monash U., Australia, 1966)

Control systems, stability and stabilizability, errors in dynamic systems, signal analysis, wavelets, theory and applications

Jia-Ming Liu, Ph.D. (Harvard, 1982)

Nonlinear optics, ultrafast optics, laser chaos, semiconductor lasers, optoelectronics, photonics, nonlinear and ultrafast processes

Warren B. Mori, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1987)

Laser and charged particle beam-plasma interactions, advanced accelerator concepts, advanced light sources, laser-fusion, high-energy density science, high-performance computing, plasma physics

Dee-Son Pan, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1977)

New semiconductor devices for millimeter and RF power generation and amplification, transport in small geometry semiconductor devices, generic device modeling

|C. Kumar N. Patel, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1961)2

Quantum electronics; non-linear optics; photoacoustics in gases, liquids, and solids; ultra-low level detection of trace gases; chemical and toxic gas sensors

Gregory J. Pottie, Ph.D. (McMaster, 1988)

Communication systems and theory with applications to wireless sensor networks

Yahya Rahmat-Samii, Ph.D. (Illinois, 1975)

Satellite communications antennas, personal communication antennas including human interactions, antennas for remote sensing and radio astronomy applications, advanced numerical and genetic optimization techniques in electromagnetics, frequency selective surfaces and photonic band gap structures, novel integrated and fractal antennas, near-field antenna measurements and diagnostic techniques, electromagnetic theory

Behzad Razavi, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1992)

Analog, RF, and mixed-signal integrated circuit design, dual-standard RF transceivers, phase-locked systems and frequency synthesizers, A/D and D/A converters, high-speed data communication circuits

Vwani P. Roychowdhury, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1989)

Models of computation including parallel and distributed processing systems, quantum computation and information processing, circuits and computing paradigms for nano-electronics and molecular electronics, adaptive and learning algorithms, nonparametric methods and algorithms for large-scale information processing, combinatorics and complexity, and information theory

Izhak Rubin, Ph.D. (Princeton, 1970)

Telecommunications and computer communications systems and networks, mobile wireless networks, multimedia IP networks, UAV/UGV-aided networks, integrated system and network management, C4ISR systems and networks, optical networks, network simulations and analysis, traffic modeling and engineering

Henry Samueli, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1980)

VLSI implementation of signal processing and digital communication systems, high-speed digital integrated circuits, digital filter design

Ali H. Sayed, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1992)

Adaptive systems, statistical and digital signal processing, estimation theory, signal processing for communications, linear system theory, interplays between signal processing and control methodologies, fast algorithms for large-scale problems

Mani B. Srivastava, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1992)

Wireless networking, embedded computing, networked embedded systems, sensor networks, mobile and ubiquitous computing, low-power and power-aware systems

Oscar M. Stafsudd, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1967)

Quantum electronics: I.R. lasers and nonlinear optics; solid-state: I.R. detectors

Lieven Vandenberghe, Ph.D. (Katholieke U., Leuven, Belgium, 1992)

Optimization in engineering and applications in systems and control, circuit design, and signal processing

John D. Villasenor, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1989)

Communications, signal and image processing, configurable computing systems, and design environments

Chand R. Viswanathan, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1964)

Semiconductor electronics: VLSI devices and technology, thin oxides; reliability and failure physics of MOS devices; process-induced damage, low-frequency noise

Kang L. Wang, Ph.D. (MIT, 1970)

Nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, nano and molecular devices, MBE and superlattices, microwave and millimeter electronics, quantum information

Paul K.C. Wang, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1960)

Control systems, modeling and control of nonlinear distributed-parameter systems with applications to micro-opto-electromechanical systems, micro and nano manipulation systems, coordination and control of multiple microspacecraft in formation

Alan N. Willson, Jr., Ph.D. (Syracuse, 1967)

Theory and application of digital signal processing including VLSI implementations, digital filter design, nonlinear circuit theory

Jason C.S. Woo, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1987)

Solid-state technology, CMOS and bipolar device/circuit optimization, novel device design, modeling of integrated circuits, VLSI fabrication

Eli Yablonovitch, Ph.D. (Harvard, 1972)

Optoelectronics, high-speed optical communications, photonic integrated circuits, photonic crystals, plasmonic optics and plasmonic circuits, quantum computing and communication

Kung Yao, Ph.D. (Princeton, 1965)

Communication theory, signal and array processing, sensor system, wireless communication systems, VLSI and systolic algorithms

Frederick G. Allen, Ph.D. (Harvard, 1956)

Semiconductor physics, solid-state devices, surface physics

Francis F. Chen, Ph.D. (Harvard, 1954)

Radiofrequency plasma sources and diagnostics for semiconductor processing

Robert S. Elliott, Ph.D. (Illinois, 1952)

Frederick W. Schott, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1949)

Electromagnetics, applied electromagnetics

Gabor C. Temes, Ph.D. (Ottawa, 1961)

Analog MOS integrated circuits, signal processing, analog and digital filters

*Donald M. Wiberg, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1965)3

Identification and control, especially of aerospace, biomedical, mechanical, and nuclear processes, modeling and simulation of respiratory and cardiovascular systems

Babak Daneshrad, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1993)

Digital VLSI circuits: wireless communication systems, high-performance communications integrated circuits for wireless applications

Jack W. Judy, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1996)

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), micromachining, microsensors, microactuators, and microsystems, neuroengineering, neural-electronic interfaces, neuroMEMS, implantable electronic systems, wireless telemetry, neural prostheses, and magnetism and magnetic materials

Fernando G. Paganini, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1996)

Robust and optimal control, distributed control, control communication networks, power systems

Ingrid M. Verbauwhede, Ph.D. (Katholieke U., Leuven, Belgium, 1991)

Embedded systems, VLSI, architecture and circuit design and design methodologies for applications in security, wireless communications and signal processing

Richard D. Wesel, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1996)

Communication theory and signal processing with particular interests in channel coding, including turbo codes and trellis codes, joint algorithms for distributed communication and detection

C.-K. Ken Yang, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1998)

High-performance VLSI design, digital and mixed-signal circuit design

Computer-aided design of VLSI circuits and systems, coarse-grain programmable systems and field programmable gate array (FPGA), high-performance interconnect modeling and design, power-efficient computer architectures and systems, numerical and combinatorial optimization

Christoph Niemann, Ph.D. (U. Technology, Darmstadt, Germany, 2002)

Plasma physics in the context of thermonuclear fusion, laser and charged particle beam-plasma interaction, high-energy density science, plasma- and particle-beam diagnostics

Sudhakar Pamarti, Ph.D. (UC San Diego, 2003)

Mixed-signal IC design, signal processing and communication theory

Michaela van der Scharr, Ph.D. (Eindhoven U. of Technology, Netherlands, 2001)

Multimedia processing and compression, multimedia networking, multimedia communications, multimedia architectures, enterprise multimedia streaming, mobile and ubiquitous computing

Yuanxun Ethan Wang, Ph.D. (Texas, Austin, 1999)

Smart antennas, RF and microwave power amplifiers, numerical techniques, DSP techniques for microwave systems, phased arrays, wireless and radar systems, microwave integrated circuits

Nicolaos G. Alexopoulos, Ph.D. (Michigan, 1968)

Integrated microwave and millimeter wave circuits and antennas, substrate materials and thin films, electromagnetic theory

Elliott R. Brown, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1985)

Ultrafast electronics and optoelectronics, microwave and power electronics, infrared and RF sensors and materials, biomedical and remote chem-bio sensors

Giorgio Franceschetti, Ph.D. (Higher Institute of Telecommunications, Rome, 1961)

Electromagnetic radiation and scattering, nonlinear propagation, synthetic aperture radar processing

Brian H. Kolner, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1985)

Ultrashort light pulse generation and detection, compact femtosecond sources, mode-locking and pulse compression, noninvasive characterization of high-speed semiconductor devices and circuits

Joel Schulman, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1979)

Semiconductor super lattices, solid-state physics

Ming C. Wu, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1988)

MEMS, micro-opto-electromechanical systems (MOEMS), optoelectronics, RF photonics, optical communications

Bijan Houshmand, Ph.D., (Illinois, Urbana, 1990)

Computational electromagnetics, microwave imaging, and remote sensing

William H. Mangione-Smith, Ph.D. (Michigan, 1992)

Computer architecture and microarchitecture design and evaluation, compiler technology for low power and high performance

Charles Chien, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1995)

End to end radio systems for high-speed adaptive wireless multimedia communications, multiband adaptive radio front-end architecture, adaptive spread-spectrum transceiver architectures, and digital baseband transceiver integrated circuits for low-power high-performance applications

Mary Eshagian-Wilner, Ph.D. (USC, 1998)

Nanoscale architectures, bioinformatics networks, heterogeneous computing, mapping and scheduling paradigms, optical interconnects, VLSI and reconfigurable chips, parallel algorithms for image processing

1. Electrical Engineering Physics I. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Mathematics 32A, 32B, Physics 1A, 1B. Introduction to modern physics and electromagnetism with an engineering orientation. Emphasis on mathematical tools necessary to express and solve Maxwell equations. Relation of these concepts to waves propagating in free space, including dielectrics and optical systems. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Itoh (F,W,Sp)

2. Physics for Electrical Engineers. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 1. Introduction to concepts of modern physics necessary to understand solid-state devices, including elementary quantum theory, Fermi energies, and concepts of electrons in solids. Discussion of electrical properties of semiconductors leading to operation of junction devices. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Pan (F,W,Sp)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 1 or Physics 1C, Mathematics 33A, 33B. Introduction to linear circuit analysis. Resistive circuits, Kirchhoff laws, operational amplifiers, node and loop analysis, Thevenin and Norton theorem, capacitors and inductors, duality, first-order circuits, step response, second-order circuits, natural response, forced response. Letter grading. Mr. Daneshrad, Mr. Pan (F,W,Sp)

M16. Logic Design of Digital Systems. (4)

(Same as Computer Science M51A.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: Physics 1C. Introduction to digital systems. Specification and implementation of combinational and sequential systems. Standard logic modules and programmable logic arrays. Specification and implementation of algorithmic systems: data and control sections. Number systems and arithmetic algorithms. Error control codes for digital information. Letter grading. Mr. Srivastava, Ms. Verbauwhede (F,W,Sp)

19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars. (1)

Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

99. Student Research Program. (1 to 2)

Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

100. Electrical and Electronic Circuits. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 1 or Physics 1C, Mathematics 33A, 33B. Electrical quantities, linear circuit elements, circuit principles, signal waveforms, transient and steady state circuit behavior, semiconductor diodes and transistors, small signal models, and operational amplifiers. Letter grading. Mr. Razavi (F,Sp)

101. Engineering Electromagnetics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisites: course 1 or Physics 1C, Mathematics 32A and 32B, or 33A and 33B. Electromagnetic field concepts, waves and phasors, transmission lines and Smith chart, transient responses, vector analysis, introduction to Maxwell equations, static and quasi-static electric and magnetic fields. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (F,W)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisites: courses 1 or Physics 1C, 103 (may be taken concurrently), Mathematics 33A, 33B. Elements of differential equations, first- and second-order equations, variation of parameters method and method of undetermined coefficients, existence and uniqueness. Systems: input/output description, linearity, time-invariance, and causality. Impulse response functions, superposition and convolution integrals. Laplace transforms and system functions. Fourier series and transforms. Frequency responses, responses of systems to periodic signals. Sampling theorem. Letter grading. Mr. Levan, Mr. Paganini (F,W,Sp)

103. Applied Numerical Computing. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, 11 hours. Requisites: Civil Engineering 15 or Computer Science 31 or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 20, Mathematics 33A, 33B. Introduction to numerical analysis and computing techniques: root finding, matrix computations for systems of linear equations, systems of nonlinear equations, numerical methods for ordinary differential equations, least squares, eigenvalue/eigenvector problem, applications to engineering problems. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen (F,W,Sp)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 10. Corequisite: course 102. Sinusoidal excitation and phasors, AC steady state analysis, AC steady state power, network functions, poles and zeros, frequency response, mutual inductance, ideal transformer, application of Laplace transforms to circuit analysis. Letter grading. Mr. Daneshrad (F,W,Sp)

110L. Circuit Measurements Laboratory. (2)

Laboratory, four hours; outside study, two hours. Requisite: course 100 or 110. Experiments with basic circuits containing resistors, capacitors, inductors, and op-amps. Ohm's law voltage and current division, Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits, superposition, transient and steady state analysis, and frequency response principles. Letter grading. Mr. Razavi (F,W,Sp)

113. Digital Signal Processing. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 102. Relationship between continuous-time and discrete-time signals. Z-transform. Discrete Fourier transform. Fast Fourier transform. Structures for digital filtering. Introduction to digital filter design techniques. Letter grading. Ms. Alwan, Mr. Sayed (F,Sp)

113D. Digital Signal Processing Design. (4)

(Formerly numbered 113L.) Laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisite: course 113. Real-time implementation of digital signal processing algorithms on digital processor chips. Experiments involving A/D and D/A conversion, aliasing, digital filtering, sinusoidal oscillators, Fourier transforms, and finite wordlength effects. Course project involving original design and implementation of signal processing systems for communications, speech, audio, or video using DSP chip. Letter grading. Mr. Jain, Ms. Verbauwhede (F,Sp)

114D. Speech and Image Processing Systems Design. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 113. Design principles of speech and image processing systems. Speech production, analysis, and modeling in first half of course; design techniques for image enhancement, filtering, and transformation in second half. Lectures supplemented by laboratory implementation of speech and image processing tasks. Letter grading. Ms. Alwan, Mr. Villasenor (Sp)

115A. Analog Electronic Circuits I. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 110. Review of physics and operation of diodes and bipolar and MOS transistors. Equivalent circuits and models of semiconductor devices. Analysis and design of single-stage amplifiers. DC biasing circuits. Small-signal analysis. Operational amplifier systems. Letter grading. Mr. C.K. Yang (F,W,Sp)

115AL. Analog Electronics Laboratory I. (2)

Laboratory, four hours; outside study, two hours. Requisites: courses 110L, 115A. Experimental determination of device characteristics, resistive diode circuits, single-stage amplifiers, compound transistor stages, effect of feedback on single-stage amplifiers. Letter grading. Mr. C.K. Yang (F,W,Sp)

115B. Analog Electronic Circuits II. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 115A. Analysis and design of differential amplifiers in bipolar and CMOS technologies. Current mirrors and active loads. Frequency response of amplifiers. Feedback and its properties. Stability issues and frequency compensation. Letter grading. Mr. Abidi, Mr. Razavi (W)

115BL. Analog Electronics Laboratory II. (4)

Laboratory, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 115AL, 115B. Experimental and computer studies of multistage, wideband, tuned, and power amplifiers, and multiloop feedback amplifiers. Introduction to thick film hybrid techniques. Construction of amplifier using hybrid thick film techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Abidi (W,Sp)

115C. Digital Electronic Circuits. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 115A, Computer Science M51A. Recommended: course 115B. Transistor-level digital circuit analysis and design. Modern logic families (TTL, ECL, NMOS, CMOS), integrated circuit (IC) layout, MSI digital circuits (flipflops, registers, counters, PLAs, etc.), computer-aided simulation of digital circuits. Letter grading. Ms. Verbauwhede (F,W,Sp)

115D. Design Studies in Electronic Circuits. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 115B, 115C. Applications of distributed circuits. Operational amplifier applications and limitations. Power amplifiers. Feedback and stability. Precision analog circuits. Analysis and design of operational amplifiers. Noise in electronic circuits. Design of oscillators, phase-locked loops, and frequency synthesizers. Introduction to design of analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters. Letter grading. Mr. Abidi (Sp)

M116C. Computer Systems Architecture. (4)

(Same as Computer Science M151B.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: course M16 or Computer Science M51A, Computer Science 33. Recommended: course M116L or Computer Science M152A, Computer Science 111. Computer system organization and design, implementation of CPU datapath and control, instruction set design, memory hierarchy (caches, main memory, virtual memory) organization and management, input/output subsystems (bus structures, interrupts, DMA), performance evaluation, pipelined processors. Letter grading. Mr. Roychowdhury (F,W,Sp)

M116D. Digital Design Project Laboratory. (4)

(Same as Computer Science M152B.) Laboratory, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course M116C or Computer Science M151B. Design and implementation of complex digital subsystems using field-programmable gate arrays (e.g., processors, special-purpose processors, device controllers, and input/output interfaces). Students work in teams to develop and implement designs and to document and give oral presentations of their work. Letter grading. Mr. Mangione-Smith (F,W,Sp)

M116L. Introductory Digital Design Laboratory. (2)

(Same as Computer Science M152A.) Laboratory, four hours; outside study, two hours. Requisite: course M16 or Computer Science M51A. Hands-on design, implementation, and debugging of digital logic circuits, use of computer-aided design tools for schematic capture and simulation, implementation of complex circuits using programmed array logic, design projects. Letter grading. Mr. Srivastava (F,W,Sp)

M117. Computer Networks: Physical Layer. (6)

(Same as Computer Science M117.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, four hours; outside study, 10 hours. Not open to students with credit for course M171L. Introduction to fundamental data communication concepts underlying and supporting modern networks, with focus on physical and media access layers of network protocol stack. Systems include high-speed LANs (e.g., fast and giga Ethernet), optical DWDM (dense wavelength division multiplexing), time division SONET networks, wireless LANs (IEEE802.11), and ad hoc wireless and personal area networks (e.g., Bluetooth). Experimental laboratory sessions included. Letter grading. Mr. Gerla (W)

(Formerly numbered 116B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: courses M16, 115C, and 113D or M116D. Familiarity with digital circuit, logic design, and computer architecture assumed. VLSI design from systems perspective, with focus on (1) core VLSI architecture concepts such as datapath design, clocking, power, speed, area trade-off, input/output, packaging, etc. and (2) behavioral, register-transfer, logic, and physical-level structured VLSI design using CAD tools and hardware description languages such as VHDL. Letter grading. Mr. Srivastava (W)

121B. Principles of Semiconductor Device Design. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Introduction to principles of operation of bipolar and MOS transistors, equivalent circuits, high-frequency behavior, voltage limitations. Letter grading. Mr. K.L. Wang, Mr. Woo (W,Sp)

122L. Semiconductor Devices Laboratory. (4)

(Formerly numbered 122AL.) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: courses 2, 121B (may be taken concurrently). Design fabrication and characterization of p-n junction and transistors. Students perform various processing tasks such as wafer preparation, oxidation, diffusion, metallization, and photolithography. Letter grading. Mr. Chang, Mr. Fetterman (W,Sp)

123A. Fundamentals of Solid-State I. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 2 or Physics 1C. Limited to junior/senior engineering majors. Fundamentals of solid-state, introduction to quantum mechanics and quantum statistics applied to solid-state. Crystal structure, energy levels in solids, and band theory and semiconductor properties. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Yablonovitch (F)

123B. Fundamentals of Solid-State II. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisite: course 123A. Discussion of solid-state properties, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, dielectric, magnetic, and superconducting properties. Letter grading. Mr. Brown, Mr. Stafsudd (W)

124. Semiconductor Physical Electronics. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 123A. Band structure of semiconductors, experimental probes of basic band structure parameters, statistics of carriers, carrier transport properties at low fields, excess carrier transport properties, carrier recombination mechanisms, heterojunction properties. Letter grading. Mr. Brown, Mr. Pan (W)

129D. Semiconductor Processing and Device Design. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 121B. Introduction to CAD tools used in integrated circuit processing and device design. Device structure optimization tool is based on PISCES; process integration tool is based on SUPREM. Course familiarizes students with the tools. Using CAD tools, a CMOS process integration to be designed. Letter grading. Mr. Woo (Sp)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, 10 hours. Requisites: course 102, Mathematics 32B, 33B. Introduction to basic concepts of probability, including random variables and vectors, distributions and densities, moments, characteristic functions, and limit theorems. Applications to communication, control, and signal processing. Introduction to computer simulation and generation of random events. Letter grading. Mr. Roychowdhury (F,W)

131B. Introduction to Stochastic Processes. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 131A. Introduction to concepts of stochastic processes, emphasizing continuous- and discrete-time stationary processes, correlation function and spectral density, linear transformation, and mean-square estimation. Applications to communication, control, and signal processing. Introduction to computer simulation and analysis of stochastic processes. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan, Mr. Yao (Sp)

132A. Introduction to Communication Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisites: courses 102, 113, 131A. Properties of signals and noise. Baseband pulse and digital signaling. Bandpass signaling techniques. Communication systems: digital transmission, frequency-division multiplexing and telephone systems, satellite communication systems. Performance of communication systems in presence of noise. Letter grading. Mr. Fitz, Mr. Wesel (W,Sp)

132B. Data Communications and Telecommunication Networks. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 131A. Layered communications architectures. Queueing system modeling and analysis. Error control, flow and congestion control. Packet switching, circuit switching, and routing. Network performance analysis and design. Multiple-access communications: TDMA, FDMA, polling, random access. Local, metropolitan, wide area, integrated services networks. Letter grading. Mr. Rubin (W)

136. Introduction to Engineering Optimization Techniques. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisites: course 103, Mathematics 32A, 33A. Introduction to optimization techniques for engineering and science students. Minimization of unconstrained functions of several variables: steepest descent, Newton/Raphson, conjugate gradient, and quasi-Newton methods. Rates of convergence. Methods for constrained minimization: introduction to linear programming and gradient projection methods. Lagrangian methods. Students expected to use SEASnet computers. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen, Mr. Vandenberghe (W)

141. Principles of Feedback Control. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 102. Mathematical modeling of physical control systems in form of differential equations and transfer functions. Design problems, system performance indices of feedback control systems via classical techniques, root-locus and frequency-domain methods. Computer-aided solution of design problems from real world. Letter grading. Mr. Levan, Mr. P.K.C. Wang (F,Sp)

142. Linear Systems: State-Space Approach. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 102. State-space methods of linear system analysis and synthesis, with application to problems in networks, control, and system modeling. Letter grading. Mr. Levan, Mr. P.K.C. Wang (W)

M150. Introduction to Micromachining and Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS). (4)

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M150 and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M180.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Chemistry 20A, 20L, Physics 1A, 1B, 1C, 4AL, 4BL. Corequisite: course M150L. Introduction to micromachining technologies and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Methods of micromachining and how these methods can be used to produce variety of MEMS, including microstructures, microsensors, and microactuators. Students design microfabrication processes capable of achieving desired MEMS device. Letter grading. Mr. Judy (F)

150DL. Photonic Sensor Design Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Limited to seniors. Multidisciplinary course with lectures and laboratory experiments on optical sensors. Fundamentals of intensity and interference-based transducers, polarimeters, multiplexing and sensor networks, physical and biomedical sensors. Design and implementation of optical gyroscope, computer interfacing, and signal processing. Letter grading. Mr. Jalali (Sp, alternate years)

M150L. Introduction to Micromachining and Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Laboratory. (2)

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M150L and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M180L.) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, four hours; outside study, one hour. Corequisite: course M150. Hands-on introduction to micromachining technologies and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) laboratory. Methods of micromachining and how these methods can be used to produce variety of MEMS, including microstructures, microsensors, and microactuators. Students go through process of fabricating MEMS device. Letter grading. Mr. Judy (F)

161. Electromagnetic Waves. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 101. Time-varying fields and Maxwell equations, plane wave propagation and interaction with media, energy flow and Poynting vector, guided waves in waveguides, phase and group velocity, radiation and antennas. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (F,Sp)

162A. Wireless Communication Links and Antennas. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 161. Basic properties of transmitting and receiving antennas and antenna arrays. Array synthesis. Adaptive arrays. Friis transmission formula, radar equations. Cell-site and mobile antennas, bandwidth budget. Noise in communication systems (transmission lines, antennas, atmospheric, etc.). Cell-site and mobile antennas, cell coverage for signal and traffic, interference, multipath fading, ray bending, and other propagation phenomena. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (Sp)

163A. Introductory Microwave Circuits. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 161. Transmission lines description of waveguides, impedance transformers, power dividers, directional couplers, filters, hybrid junctions, nonreciprocal devices. Letter grading. Mr. Itoh (W)

163B. Microwave and Millimeter Wave Active Devices. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 121B. MESFET, HEMT, HBT, IMPATT, Gunn, small signal models, noise model, large signal model, loadpull method, parameter extraction technique. Letter grading. Mr. Chang, Mr. Pan (Sp)

163C. Active Microwave Circuits. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisites: courses 115A, 161. Theory and design of microwave transistor amplifiers and oscillators; stability, noise, distortion. Letter grading. Mr. Itoh (F)

164D. Microwave Wireless Design. (4)

(Formerly numbered 164DL.) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, four hours; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 161. Microwave integrated circuit design from wireless system perspective, with focus on (1) use of microwave circuit simulation tools, (2) design of wireless frontend circuits including low noise amplifier, mixer, and power amplifier, (3) knowledge and skills required in wireless integrated circuit characterization and implementation. Letter grading. Mr. Chang (Sp)

164L. Microwave Wireless Laboratory. (2)

(Formerly numbered 164AL.) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, three hours; outside study, three hours. Requisite: course 161. Measurement techniques and instrumentation for active and passive microwave components; cavity resonators, waveguides, wavemeters, slotted lines, directional couplers. Design, fabrication, and characterization of microwave circuits in microstrip and coaxial systems. Letter grading. Mr. Itoh, Mr. Jalali (W)

M171L. Data Communication Systems Laboratory. (2 to 4)

(Same as Computer Science M171L.) Laboratory, four to eight hours; outside study, two to four hours. Recommended preparation: course M116L, Computer Science 171. Limited to seniors. Interpretation of analog-signaling aspects of digital systems and data communications through experience in using contemporary test instruments to generate and display signals in relevant laboratory setups. Use of oscilloscopes, pulse and function generators, baseband spectrum analyzers, desktop computers, terminals, modems, PCs, and workstations in experiments on pulse transmission impairments, waveforms and their spectra, modem and terminal characteristics, and interfaces. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman (Sp)

172. Introduction to Lasers and Quantum Electronics. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 101. Physical applications and principles of lasers, Gaussian optics, resonant cavities, atomic radiation, laser oscillation and amplification, cw and pulsed lasers. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi, Mr. Stafsudd (F,Sp)

Laboratory, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite or corequisite: course 172. Properties of lasers, including saturation, gain, mode structure. Laser applications, including optics, modulation, communication, holography, and interferometry. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi, Mr. Stafsudd (F)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 101. Introduction to basic principles of photonic devices. Topics include crystal optics, dielectric optical waveguides, waveguide couplers, electro-optic devices, magneto-optic devices, acousto-optic devices, second-harmonic generation, optical Kerr effect, optical switching devices. Letter grading. Mr. Liu, Mr. Stafsudd (W)

173DL. Photonics and Communication Design Laboratory. (4)

Laboratory, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 102. Recommended: course 132A. Introduction to measurement of basic photonic devices, including LEDs, lasers, detectors, and amplifiers; fiber-optic fundamentals and measurement of fiber systems. Modulation techniques, including A.M., F.M., phase and suppressed carrier methods. Letter grading. Mr. Stafsudd, Mr. Wu (W)

174. Semiconductor Optoelectronics. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 172. Introduction to semiconductor optoelectronic devices for optical communications, interconnects, and signal processing. Basic optical properties of semiconductors, pin photodiodes, avalanche photodiode detectors (APD), light-emitting diodes (LED), semiconductor lasers, optical modulators and amplifiers, and typical photonic systems. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Wu (Sp)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 102, 161. Two-dimensional linear systems and Fourier transforms. Foundation of diffraction theory. Analysis of optical imaging systems. Spatial filtering and optical information processing. Wavefront reconstruction and holography. Letter grading. Mr. Stafsudd

176. Lasers in Biomedical Applications. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 101. Study of different types of laser systems and their operation. Examination of their roles in current and projected biomedical applications. Specific capabilities of laser radiation to be related to each example. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman (W, alternate years)

(Formerly numbered 190D.) Lecture, two hours; laboratory, two hours; outside study, eight hours. Limited to senior Electrical Engineering majors. Advanced systems design integrating communications, control, and signal processing subsystems. Different project to be assigned yearly in which student teams create high-performance designs that manage trade-offs among subsystems. Letter grading. Mr. Kaiser, Mr. Pottie (F,Sp)

M185. Introduction to Plasma Electronics. (4)

(Same as Physics M122.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 101 or Physics 110A. Senior-level introductory course on electrodynamics of ionized gases and applications to materials processing, generation of coherent radiation and particle beams, and renewable energy sources. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi, Mr. Mori (F, even years)

188. Special Courses in Electrical Engineering. (4)

Seminar, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Special topics in electrical engineering for undergraduate students that are taught on experimental or temporary basis, such as courses taught by resident and visiting faculty members. May be repeated once for credit with topic or instructor change. Letter grading.

194. Research Group Seminars: Electrical Engineering. (2 to 4)

Seminar, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for undergraduate students who are part of research group. Discussion of research methods and current literature in field. Letter grading.

199. Directed Research in Electrical Engineering. (2 to 8)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit with school approval. Individual contract required; enrollment petitions available in Office of Academic and Student Affairs. Letter grading. (F,W,Sp)

201A. VLSI Architectures and Design Methodologies. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M216A or Computer Science M258A. In-depth study of VLSI architectures and VLSI design methodologies for variety of applications in signal processing, communications, networking, embedded systems, etc. VLSI architectures choices range from ASICs, full custom approach, and special purpose processors to general purpose microprocessors. VLSI design methodologies take design specifications to implementation with aid of modern computer-aided design tools. Letter grading. Ms. Verbauwhede (Sp)

201C. Modeling of VLSI Circuits and Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 115C. Detailed study of VLSI circuit and system models considering performance, signal integrity, power and thermal effects, reliability, and manufacturability. Discussion of principles of modeling and optimization codevelopment. Letter grading. Mr. He (Sp)

(Formerly numbered 202A.) (Same as Computer Science M213A.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for graduate computer science and electrical engineering students. Methodologies and technologies for design of embedded systems. Topics include hardware and software platforms for embedded systems, techniques for modeling and specification of system behavior, software organization, real-time operating system scheduling, real-time communication and packet scheduling, low-power battery and energy-aware system design, timing synchronization, fault tolerance and debugging, and techniques for hardware and software architecture optimization. Theoretical foundations as well as practical design methods. Letter grading. Mr. Srivastava (F)

M202B. Distributed Embedded Systems. (4)

(Formerly numbered 206A.) (Same as Computer Science M213B.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 132B or Computer Science 118, and Computer Science 111. Designed for graduate computer science and electrical engineering students. Interdisciplinary course with focus on study of distributed embedded systems concepts needed to realize systems such as wireless sensor and actuator networks for monitoring and control of physical world. Topics include network self-configuration with localization and timing synchronization; energy-aware system design and operation; protocols for MAC, routing, transport, disruption tolerance; programming issues and models with language, OS, database, and middleware; in-network collaborative processing; fundamental characteristics such as coverage, connectivity, capacity, latency; techniques for exploitation and management of actuation and mobility; data and system integrity issues with calibration, faults, debugging, and security; and usage issues such as human interfaces and safety. S/U or letter grading. Mr. Srivastava (Sp)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Computer Science 132, 251A. Designed for graduate computer science and electrical engineering students. Efficient allocating of shared resources (buses, function units, register files) is one of most important areas of research in modern computer architecture and compilation research. Consideration of instruction selection and scheduling, register assignment, and low-level transformation in context of concurrent microarchitecture (e.g., VLIW, superscalar, and most DSP). Topics include mapping to specific introprocessor communications buses, making effective use of hardware caches, and targeting special-purpose function units. Letter grading. Mr. Mangione-Smith (W)

208A. Analytical Methods of Engineering I. (4)

(Formerly numbered M208A.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Limited to graduate students. Application of techniques of linear algebra to engineering problems. Vector spaces: scalar products, Cauchy/Schwarz inequality. Gram/Schmidt orthogonalization. Matrices as linear transformations: eigenvalues and spectrum. Self-adjoint and covariance matrices. Square root and factorization, Cholesky decomposition. Determinants, Cayley/Hamilton theorem. Minimal polynomials, Bezout theorem. Polar and singular value decomposition. Sequences, convergence, and matrix exponential. Applications to problems in signal processing, communications, and control. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan (F,W)

208B. Analytical Methods of Engineering II. (4)

(Formerly numbered M208B.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 208A. Application of modern mathematical methods to engineering problems. Review of spectral theory. Green's functions and eigenvalue problems for second-order ordinary differential equations and their adjoints. Discrete and continuous spectra for ordinary and partial differential equations. Initial and boundary value problems. Letter grading. Mr. Levan (W,Sp)

208C. Semigroups of Linear Operators and Applications. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M208B. Semigroups of linear operators over Hilbert spaces. Generator and resolvent, generation theorems, Laplace inversion formula. Dissipative operators and contraction semigroups. Analytic semigroups and spectral representation. Semigroups with compact resolvents. Parabolic and hyperbolic systems. Controllability and stabilizability. Applications. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan, Mr. Levan (Sp)

209S. Special Topics in Embedded Computing Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Current topics in embedded computing systems, including but not limited to processor and system architecture, real-time, low-power design. S/U or letter grading. Mr. Mangione-Smith

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 113, 131B, Mathematics 115A. Optimal filtering and estimation, Wiener filters, linear prediction. Steepest descent and stochastic gradient algorithms. Frequency-domain adaptive filters. Method of least squares, recursive least squares, fast fixed-order and order-recursive (lattice) filters. Misadjustment, convergence, and tracking analyses, stability issues, finite precision effects. Connections with Kalman filtering. Nonlinear adaptive filters. Letter grading. Mr. Sayed (W)

210B. Optimal Linear Estimation. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 113, 131B, 210A, Mathematics 115A. Unified treatment of fundamental concepts and basic notions in adaptive filtering, Wiener filtering, Kalman filtering, and H_oo filtering. Emphasis on geometric, equivalence, and duality arguments. Development of array methods and fast algorithms. Discussion of practical issues. Examples of applications from fields of signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering, finance, and control. Letter grading. Mr. Sayed (Sp)

211A. Digital Image Processing I. (4)

Lecture, three hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, five hours. Preparation: computer programming experience. Requisite: course 113. Fundamentals of digital image processing theory and techniques. Topics include two-dimensional linear system theory, image transforms, and enhancement. Concepts covered in lecture applied in computer laboratory assignments. Letter grading. Mr. Villasenor (F)

211B. Digital Image Processing II. (4)

Lecture, three hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, five hours. Requisite: course 211A. Advanced digital image processing theory and techniques. Topics include modeling, restoration, still-frame and video image compression, tomographic imaging, and multiresolution analysis using wavelet transforms. Letter grading. Mr. Villasenor

212A. Theory and Design of Digital Filters. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 113. Approximation of filter specifications. Use of design charts. Structures for recursive digital filters. FIR filter design techniques. Comparison of IIR and FIR structures. Implementation of digital filters. Limit cycles. Overflow oscillations. Discrete random signals. Wave digital filters. Letter grading. Mr. Willson (F)

212B. Multirate Systems and Filter Banks. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisite: course 212A. Fundamentals of multirate systems; polyphase representation; multistage implementations; applications of multirate systems; maximally decimated filter banks; perfect reconstruction systems; paraunitary filter banks; wavelet transform and its relation to multirate filter banks. Letter grading. Mr. Wilson (W)

213A. Advanced Digital Signal Processing Circuit Design. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisites: courses 212A, M216A. Digital filter design and optimization tools, architectures for digital signal processing circuits; integrated circuit modules for digital signal processing; programmable signal processors; CAD tools and cell libraries for application-specific integrated circuit design; case studies of speech and image processing circuits. Letter grading. Mr. Jain (Sp)

M214A. Digital Speech Processing. (4)

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M214A.) Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 113. Theory and applications of digital processing of speech signals. Mathematical models of human speech production and perception mechanisms, speech analysis/synthesis. Techniques include linear prediction, filter-bank models, and homomorphic filtering. Applications to speech synthesis, automatic recognition, and hearing aids. Letter grading. Ms. Alwan (W)

214B. Advanced Topics in Speech Processing. (4)

Lecture, three hours; computer assignments, two hours; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course M214A. Advanced techniques used in various speech-processing applications, with focus on speech recognition by humans and machine. Physiology and psychoacoustics of human perception. Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) for automatic speech recognition systems, pattern classification, and search algorithms. Aids for hearing impaired. Letter grading. Ms. Alwan (Sp, even years)

215A. Analog Integrated Circuit Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 115B. Analysis and design of analog integrated circuits. MOS and bipolar device structures and models, single-stage and differential amplifiers, noise, feedback, operational amplifiers, offset and distortion, sampling devices and discrete-time circuits, bandgap references. Letter grading. Mr. Razavi (F)

215B. Advanced Digital Integrated Circuits. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisites: courses 115C, M216A. Analysis and comparison of modern logic families (CMOS, bipolar, BiCMOS, GaAs). MSI digital circuits (flipflops, registers, counters, PLAs). VLSI memories (ROM, RAM, CCD, bubble memories, EPROM, EEPROM) and VLSI systems. Letter grading. Ms. Verbauwhede (W or Sp)

215C. Analysis and Design of RF Circuits and Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 215A. Principles of RF circuit and system design, with emphasis on monolithic implementation in VLSI technologies. Basic concepts, communications background, transceiver architectures, low-noise amplifiers and mixers, oscillators, frequency synthesizers, power amplifiers. Letter grading. Mr. Razavi (W)

215D. Analog Microsystem Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 215A. Analysis and design of data conversion interfaces and filters. Sampling circuits and architectures, D/A conversion techniques, A/D converter architectures, building blocks, precision techniques, discrete- and continuous-time filters. Letter grading. Mr. Abidi (Sp)

215E. Signaling and Synchronization. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 215A, M216A. Analysis and design of circuits for synchronization and communication for VLSI systems. Use of both digital and analog design techniques to improve data rate of electronics between functional blocks, chips, and systems. Advanced clocking methodologies, phase-locked loop design for clock generation, and high-performance wire-line transmitters, receivers, and timing recovery circuits. Letter grading. Mr. C.K. Yang (Sp)

M216A. Design of VLSI Circuits and Systems. (4)

(Same as Computer Science M258A.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, four hours; outside study, three hours. Requisites: courses M16 or Computer Science M51A, and 115A. Recommended: course 115C. LSI/VLSI design and application in computer systems. Fundamental design techniques that can be used to implement complex integrated systems on a chip. Letter grading. Mr. C.K. Yang (F)

M216B-M216C. LSI in Computer System Design. (4-4)

(Same as Computer Science M258B-M258C.) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, four hours. Requisite: course M216A. LSI/VLSI design and application in computer systems. In-depth studies of VLSI architectures and VLSI design tools. In Progress (M216B) and S/U or letter (M216C) grading. Mr. Jain, Mr. Mangione-Smith

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M217.) Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 114D or 211A. Mathematical principles of medical imaging modalities: X-ray, computed tomography, positron emission tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging. Topics include basic principles of each imaging system, image reconstruction algorithms, system configurations and their effects on reconstruction algorithms, specialized imaging techniques for specific applications such as flow imaging. Letter grading. Mr. Grundfest (Sp)

219A. Special Topics in Circuits and Signal Processing. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Advanced treatment of topics selected from research areas in circuit theory, integrated circuits, or signal processing. Letter grading. Mr. Villasenor, Mr. Yang

221A. Physics of Semiconductor Devices I. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Physical principles and design considerations of junction devices. Letter grading. Mr. K.L. Wang, Mr. Woo (F)

221B. Physics of Semiconductor Devices II. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Principles and design considerations of field effect devices and charge-coupled devices. Letter grading. Mr. Viswanathan, Mr. Woo (Sp)

221C. Microwave Semiconductor Devices. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Physical principles and design considerations of microwave solid-state devices: Schottky barrier mixer diodes, IMPATT diodes, transferred electron devices, tunnel diodes, microwave transistors. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Pan (W)

222. Integrated Circuits Fabrication Processes. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 2. Principles of integrated circuits fabrication processes. Technological limitations of integrated circuits design. Topics include bulk crystal and epitaxial growth, thermal oxidation, diffusion, ion-implantation, chemical vapor deposition, dry etching, lithography, and metallization. Introduction of advanced process simulation tools. Letter grading. Mr. Chang, Mr. Woo (Sp, odd years)

223. Solid-State Electronics I. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 124, 270. Energy band theory, electronic band structure of various elementary, compound, and alloy semiconductors, defects in semiconductors. Recombination mechanisms, transport properties. Letter grading. Mr. Fetterman, Mr. Pan (F)

224. Solid-State Electronics II. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 223. Techniques to solve Boltzmann transport equation, various scattering mechanisms in semiconductors, high field transport properties in semiconductors, Monte Carlo method in transport. Optical properties. Letter grading. Mr. Pan, Mr. Staffsudd (Sp, alternate years)

225. Physics of Semiconductor Nanostructures and Devices. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 223. Theoretical methods for circulating electronics and optical properties of semiconductor structures. Quantum size effects and low-dimensional systems. Application to semiconductor nanometer scale devices, including negative resistance diodes, transistors, and detectors. Letter grading. Mr. K.L. Wang (Sp, alternate years)

229. Seminar: Advanced Topics in Solid-State Electronics. (4)

Seminar, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 223, 224. Current research areas, such as radiation effects in semiconductor devices, diffusion in semiconductors, optical and microwave semiconductor devices, nonlinear optics, and electron emission. Letter grading.

229S. Advanced Electrical Engineering Seminar. (2)

Seminar, two hours; outside study, six hours. Preparation: successful completion of Ph.D. major field examination. Seminar on current research topics in solid-state and quantum electronics (Section 1) or in electronic circuit theory and applications (Section 2). Students report on a tutorial topic and on a research topic in their dissertation area. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading. (F,W,Sp)

230A. Estimation and Detection in Communication and Radar Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 131A. Applications of estimation and detection concepts in communication and radar engineering; random signal and noise characterizations by analytical and simulation methods; mean square (MS) and maximum likelihood (ML) estimations and algorithms; detection under ML, Bayes, and Neyman/Pearson (NP) criteria; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and error probability evaluations. Letter grading. Mr. Yao (F)

230B. Digital Communication Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 132A, 230A. Basic concepts of digital communication systems; representation of bandpass waveforms; signal space analysis and optimum receivers in Gaussian noise; comparison of digital modulation methods; synchronization and adaptive equalization; applications to modern communication systems. Letter grading. Mr. Fitz (W)

230C. Algorithms and Processing in Communication and Radar. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 230A. Concepts and implementations of digital signal processing algorithms in communication and radar systems. Optimum dynamic range scaling for random data. Algorithms for fast convolution and transform. Spectral estimation algorithms. Parallel processing, VLSI algorithms, and systolic arrays. Letter grading. Mr. Yao (W)

230D. Signal Processing in Communications. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 230C. Basic digital signal processing techniques for estimation and detection of signals in communication and radar systems. Optimization of dynamic range, quantization, and state constraints; DFT, convolution, FFT, NTT, Winograd DFT, systolic array; spectral analysis-windowing, AR, and ARMA; system applications. Letter grading. Mr. Yao (Sp)

231A. Information Theory: Channel and Source Coding. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 131A. Fundamental limits on compression and transmission of information. Topics include limits and algorithms for lossless data compression, channel capacity, rate versus distortion in lossy compression, and information theory for multiple users. Letter grading. Mr. Pottie, Mr. Wesel (F)

231E. Channel Coding Theory. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 131A. Fundamentals of error control codes and decoding algorithms. Topics include block codes, convolutional codes, trellis codes, and turbo codes. Letter grading. Mr. Wesel (Sp)

232A. Stochastic Modeling with Applications to Telecommunication Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisite: course 131A. Introduction to stochastic processes as applied to study of telecommunication systems and traffic engineering. Renewal theory; discrete-time Markov chains; continuous-time Markov jump processes. Applications to traffic and queueing analysis of basic telecommunication system models. Letter grading. Mr. Fitz, Mr. Wesel (F)

232B. Telecommunication Switching and Queueing Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 232A. Queue modeling and analysis with applications to space-time digital switching systems and to integrated-service telecommunication systems. Fundamentals of traffic engineering and queueing theory. Queue size, waiting time, busy period, blocking, and stochastic process analysis for Markovian and non-Markovian models. Letter grading. Mr. Rubin (W)

232C. Telecommunication Architecture and Networks. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 232B. Analysis and design of integrated-service telecommunication networks and multiple-access procedures. Stochastic analysis of priority-based queueing system models. Queueing networks; network protocol architectures; error control; routing, flow, and access control. Applications to local-area, packet-radio, satellite, and computer communication networks. Letter grading. Mr. Rubin (Sp)

232D. Telecommunication Networks and Multiple-Access Communications. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 232B. Performance analysis and design of telecommunication networks and multiple-access communication systems. Topics include architectures, multiplexing and multiple-access, message delays, error/flow control, switching, routing, protocols. Applications to local-area, packet-radio, local-distribution, computer and satellite communication networks. Letter grading. Mr. Rubin (Sp)

232E. Graphs and Network Flows. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 136. Solution to analysis and synthesis problems which may be formulated as flow problems in capacity constrained (or cost constrained) networks. Development of tools of network flow theory using graph theoretic methods; application to communication, transportation, and transmission problems. Letter grading. Mr. Roychowdhury, Mr. Rubin (W,Sp)

233A. Wireless Communication Theory. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 230B. Discussion of theory of physical layer and medium access design for wireless communications. Topics include wireless signal propagation and channel modeling, information theoretic studies of wireless models, performance analysis, single carrier and spread spectrum modulation for wireless systems, diversity techniques, multiple-access schemes. Letter grading. Mr. Fitz

233B. Wireless Communications Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 230B. Various aspects of physical layer and medium access design for wireless communications systems. Topics include wireless signal propagation and channel modeling, single carrier and spread spectrum modulation for wireless systems, diversity techniques, multiple-access schemes, transceiver design and effects of nonideal components, hardware partitioning issues. Case study highlights system level trade-offs. Letter grading. Mr. Daneshrad (Sp)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: Mathematics 115A or equivalent knowledge of linear algebra. Basic graduate course in linear optimization. Geometry of linear programming. Duality. Simplex method. Interior-point methods. Decomposition and large-scale linear programming. Quadratic programming and complementary pivot theory. Engineering applications. Introduction to integer linear programming and computational complexity theory. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen, Mr. Vandenberghe (F)

236B. Nonlinear Programming. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 236A. Basic graduate course in nonlinear programming. Convex sets and functions. Engineering applications and convex optimization. Lagrange duality, optimality conditions, and theorems of alternatives. Unconstrained minimization methods. Convex optimization methods (interior-point methods, cutting-plane methods, ellipsoid algorithm). Lagrange multiplier methods and sequential quadratic programming. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen, Mr. Vandenberghe (W)

236C. Optimization Methods for Large-Scale Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 236B. Theory and computational procedures for decomposing large-scale optimization problems: cutting-plane methods, column generation, decomposition algorithms. Techniques for global continuous optimization: branch-and-bound methods, reverse convex programming, bilinear and biconvex optimization, genetic algorithms, simulated annealing. Introduction to combinatorial optimization. Letter grading. Mr. Roychowdhury (Sp)

M237. Dynamic Programming. (4)

(Formerly numbered 237.) (Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M276.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Recommended requisite: course 232A or 236A or 236B. Introduction to mathematical analysis of sequential decision processes. Finite horizon model in both deterministic and stochastic cases. Finite-state infinite horizon model. Methods of solution. Examples from inventory theory, finance, optimal control and estimation, Markov decision processes, combinatorial optimization, communications. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen, Mr. Vandenberghe (Sp)

239AS. Topics in Communication. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Topics in one or more special aspects of communication systems, such as phase-coherent communication systems, optical channels, time-varying channels, feedback channels, broadcast channels, networks, coding and decoding techniques. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

239BS. Topics in Operations Research. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Treatment of one or more selected topics from areas such as integer programming; combinatorial optimization; network synthesis; scheduling, routing, location, and design problems; implementation considerations for mathematical programming algorithms; stochastic programming; applications in engineering, computer science, economics. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

M240A. Linear Dynamic Systems. (4)

(Same as Chemical Engineering M280A and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M270A.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 141 or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 171A. State-space description of linear time-invariant (LTI) and time-varying (LTV) systems in continuous and discrete time. Linear algebra concepts such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, singular values, Cayley/Hamilton theorem, Jordan form; solution of state equations; stability, controllability, observability, realizability, and minimality. Stabilization design via state feedback and observers; separation principle. Connections with transfer function techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Paganini (F)

240B. Linear Optimal Control. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 141, M240A. Introduction to optimal control, with emphasis on detailed study of LQR, or linear regulators with quadratic cost criteria. Relationships to classical control system design. Letter grading. Mr. Levan (W)

(Same as Chemical Engineering M280C and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M270C.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 240B. Applications of variational methods, Pontryagin maximum principle, Hamilton/Jacobi/Bellman equation (dynamic programming) to optimal control of dynamic systems modeled by nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Letter grading. Mr. P.K.C. Wang (Sp)

241A. Stochastic Processes. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 131B. Random process models: basic concepts, properties. Stationary random processes: covariance and spectrum. Response of linear systems to random inputs: discrete-time and continuous-time models. Time averages and ergodic principle. Sampling principle and interpolation. Simulation of random processes. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan (F)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses M240A, 241A. Review of state-space theory: Kalman signal generation model. Statistical estimation theory: maximum likelihood principle, optimum mean square estimation, conditional expectation, Wiener/Hopg equation, Gaussian signals and Gram/Schmidt orthogonalization, factorization, maximum unconditional likelihood. Kalman filter: basic theory, error propagation/steady state convergence theory, examples, applications to system parameter identification, Kalman filtering software. Kalman smoother algorithm. Nonlinear extensions, likelihood ratios for Gaussian signal. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan (W)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 240B, 241B. Linear quadratic Gaussian theory of optimal feedback control of stochastic systems; discrete-time state-space models; sigma algebra equivalence and separation principle; dynamic programming; compensator design for time invariant systems; feedforward control and servomechanisms, extensions to nonlinear systems; applications to interception guidance, gust alleviation. Letter grading. Mr. Balakrishnan (Sp)

M242A. Nonlinear Dynamic Systems. (4)

(Same as Chemical Engineering M282A and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M272A.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M240A or Chemical Engineering M280A or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M270A. State-space techniques for studying solutions of time-invariant and time-varying nonlinear dynamic systems with emphasis on stability. Liapunov theory (including converse theorems), invariance, center manifold theorem, input-to-state stability and small-gain theorem. Letter grading. Mr. P.K.C. Wang (Sp)

243. Robust and Optimal Control by Convex Methods. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M240A. Multivariable robust control, including H2 and H-infinity optimal control and robust performance analysis and synthesis against structured uncertainty. Emphasis on convex methods for analysis and design, in particular linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach to control. Letter grading. Mr. Paganini (Sp)

M248S. Seminar: Systems, Dynamics, and Control Topics. (2)

(Same as Chemical Engineering M297 and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M299A.) Seminar, two hours; outside study, six hours. Limited to graduate engineering students. Presentations of research topics by leading academic researchers from fields of systems, dynamics, and control. Students who work in these fields present their papers and results. S/U grading.

Seminar, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Thorough treatment of one or more aspects of control theory and applications, such as computational methods for optimal control; stability of distributed systems; identification; adaptive control; nonlinear filtering; differential games; applications to flight control, nuclear reactors, process control, biomedical problems. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

M250A. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Fabrication. (4)

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M250A and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M280.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M150L. Advanced discussion of micromachining processes used to construct MEMS. Coverage of many lithographic, deposition, and etching processes, as well as their combination in process integration. Materials issues such as chemical resistance, corrosion, mechanical properties, and residual/intrinsic stress. Letter grading. Mr. Judy (W)

M250B. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Device Physics and Design. (4)

(Same as Biomedical Engineering M250B and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M282.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M250A. Introduction to MEMS design. Design methods, design rules, sensing and actuation mechanisms, microsensors, and microactuators. Designing MEMS to be produced with both foundry and nonfoundry processes. Computer-aided design for MEMS. Design project required. Letter grading. Mr. Wu (Sp)

259S. Seminar: Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS). (2)

Seminar, two hours; outside study, four hours. Seminar on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Letter grading. Mr. Judy

260A-260B. Advanced Engineering Electrodynamics. (4-4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 161, 162A. Advanced treatment of concepts in electrodynamics and their applications to modern engineering problems. Waves in anisotropic, inhomogeneous, and dispersive media. Guided waves in bounded and unbounded regions. Radiation and diffraction, including optical phenomena. Partially coherent waves, statistical media. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (F, 260A; W, 260B)

261. Microwave and Millimeter Wave Circuits. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 163A. Rectangular and circular waveguides, microstrip, stripline, finline, and dielectric waveguide distributed circuits, with applications in microwave and millimeter wave integrated circuits. Substrate materials, surface wave phenomena. Analytical methods for discontinuity effects. Design of passive microwave and millimeter wave circuits. Letter grading. Mr. Itoh (W)

262. Antenna Theory and Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 162A. Antenna patterns. Sum and difference patterns. Optimum designs for rectangular and circular apertures. Arbitrary side lobe topography. Discrete arrays. Mutual coupling. Design of feeding networks. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (F, even years)

263. Reflector Antennas Synthesis, Analysis, and Measurement. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 260A, 260B. Reflector pattern analysis techniques. Single and multireflector antenna configurations. Reflector synthesis techniques. Reflector feeds. Reflector tolerance studies, including systematic and random errors. Array-fed reflector antennas. Near-field measurement techniques. Compact range concepts. Microwave diagnostic techniques. Modern satellite and ground antenna applications. Letter grading. Mr. Rahmat-Samii (Sp, alternate years)

266. Computational Methods for Electromagnetics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 162A, 163A. Computational techniques for partial differential and integral equations: finite-difference, finite-element, method of moments. Applications include transmission lines, resonators, integrated circuits, solid-state device modeling, electromagnetic scattering, and antennas. Letter grading. Mr. Itoh (Sp)

270. Applied Quantum Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Preparation: modern physics (or course 123A), linear algebra, and ordinary differential equations courses. Principles of quantum mechanics for applications in lasers, solid-state physics, and nonlinear optics. Topics include eigenfunction expansions, observables, Schrödinger equation, uncertainty principle, central force problems, Hilbert spaces, WKB approximation, matrix mechanics, density matrix formalism, and radiation theory. Letter grading. Mr. Stafsudd (F)

271. Classical Laser Theory. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 172. Microscopic and macroscopic laser phenomena and propagation of optical pulses using classical formalism. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi (W)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 271. Ultrashort laser pulse characteristics, generation, and measurement. Gain switching, Q switching, cavity dumping, active and passive mode locking. Pulse compression and soliton pulse formation. Nonlinear pulse generation: soliton laser, additive-pulse mode locking, and parametric oscillators. Pulse measurement techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Liu (Sp, alternate years)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 172, 270. Nonlinear optical susceptibilities. Coupled-wave formulation. Crystal optics, electro-optics, and magneto-optics. Sum- and difference-frequency generation. Harmonic and parametric generation. Stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering. Four-wave mixing and phase conjugation. Field-induced index changes and self-phase modulation. Letter grading. Mr. Liu, Mr. Yablonovitch (W, alternate years)

274. Fiber Optic System Design. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisites: courses 173DL and/or 174. Top-down introduction to physical layer design in fiber optic communication systems, including Telecom, Datacom, and CATV. Fundamentals of digital and analog optical communication systems, fiber transmission characteristics, and optical modulation techniques, including direct and external modulation and computer-aided design. Architectural-level design of fiber optic transceiver circuits, including preamplifier, quantizer, clock and data recovery, laser driver, and predistortion circuits. Letter grading. Mr. Jalali (Sp)

279S. Special Topics in Quantum Electronics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Current research topics in quantum electronics, lasers, nonlinear optics, optoelectronics, ultrafast phenomena, fiber optics, and lightwave technology. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi, Mr. Wu (F,W,Sp)

285A. Plasma Waves and Instabilities. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 101, and M185 or Physics M122. Wave phenomena in plasmas described by macroscopic fluid equations. Microwave propagation, plasma oscillations, ion acoustic waves, cyclotron waves, hydromagnetic waves, drift waves. Rayleigh/Taylor, Kelvin/Helmholtz, universal, and streaming instabilities. Application to experiments in fully and partially ionized gases. Letter grading. Mr. Joshi, Mr. Mori (W)

285B. Advanced Plasma Waves and Instabilities. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses M185, and 285A or Physics 222A. Interaction of intense electromagnetic waves with plasmas: waves in inhomogeneous and bounded plasmas, nonlinear wave coupling and damping, parametric instabilities, anomalous resistivity, shock waves, echoes, laser heating. Emphasis on experimental considerations and techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Chen, Mr. Joshi (Sp)

M287. Fusion Plasma Physics and Analysis. (4)

(Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M237B.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M185. Fundamentals of plasmas at thermonuclear burning conditions. Fokker/Planck equation and applications to heating by neutral beams, RF, and fusion reaction products. Bremsstrahlung, synchrotron, and atomic radiation processes. Plasma surface interactions. Fluid description of burning plasma. Dynamics, stability, and control. Applications in tokamaks, tandem mirrors, and alternate concepts. Letter grading. Mr. Chen, Mr. Joshi (W)

296. Seminar: Research Topics in Electrical Engineering. (2)

Seminar, two hours; outside study, four hours. Advanced study and analysis of current topics in electrical engineering. Discussion of current research and literature in research specialty of faculty member teaching course. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

298. Seminar: Engineering. (2 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Seminars may be organized in advanced technical fields. If appropriate, field trips may be arranged. May be repeated with topic change. Letter grading.

375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum. (1 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at the University. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

(F,W,Sp)

475C. Manufacturing Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 475B. Modeling and analysis of manufacturing systems. Assembly and transfer lines. Facility layout and design. Group technology and flexible manufacturing systems. Planning and scheduling. Task management, machine setup, and operation sequencing. Manufacturing system models. Manufacturing information systems. Social, economic, environmental, and regulatory issues. Letter grading. Mr. Jacobsen (Sp)

596. Directed Individual or Tutorial Studies. (2 to 8)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Petition forms to request enrollment may be obtained from assistant dean, Graduate Studies. Supervised investigation of advanced technical problems. S/U grading.

597A. Preparation for M.S. Comprehensive Examination. (2 to 12)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Reading and preparation for M.S. comprehensive examination. S/U grading.

597B. Preparation for Ph.D. Preliminary Examinations. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. S/U grading.

597C. Preparation for Ph.D. Oral Qualifying Examination. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Preparation for oral qualifying examination, including preliminary research on dissertation. S/U grading.

598. Research for and Preparation of M.S. Thesis. (2 to 12)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Supervised independent research for M.S. candidates, including thesis prospectus. S/U grading.

599. Research for and Preparation of Ph.D. Dissertation. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate electrical engineering students. Usually taken after students have been advanced to candidacy. S/U grading.