Civil and Environmental Engineering

UCLA

5731 Boelter Hall

Box 951593

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1593

(310) 825-1346

fax: (310) 206-2222

http://www.cee.ucla.edu

William W-G. Yeh, Ph.D., Chair

Jiun-Shyan Chen, Ph.D., Vice Chair

Jonathan P. Stewart, Ph.D., Vice Chair

The civil and environmental engineering programs at UCLA include structural engineering, structural mechanics, geotechnical engineering, earthquake engineering, hydrology and water resources engineering, and environmental engineering.

The ABET-accredited civil engineering curriculum leads to a B.S. in Civil Engineering, a broad-based education in structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, hydrology and water resources engineering, and environmental engineering. This program is an excellent foundation for entry into professional practice in civil engineering or for more advanced study.

At the graduate level, M.S. and Ph.D. degree programs are offered in the areas of structures (including structural/earthquake engineering and structural mechanics), geotechnical engineering, hydrology and water resources engineering, and environmental engineering. In these areas, research is being done on a variety of problems ranging from basic physics and mechanics problems to critical problems in earthquake engineering and in the development of new technologies for pollution control and water distribution and treatment.

Undergraduate Program Objectives

The objectives of the ABET-accredited civil engineering curriculum at UCLA are to (1) provide graduates with a solid foundation in basic mathematics, science, and humanities, as well as fundamental knowledge of relevant engineering principles, (2) provide students with the capability for critical thinking, engineering reasoning, problem solving, experimentation, and teamwork, (3) prepare graduates for advanced study and/or professional employment within a wide array of industries or governmental agencies, (4) produce graduates who understand ethical issues associated with their profession and who are able to apply their acquired knowledge and skills to the betterment of society, and (5) foster in students a respect for the educational process that is manifest by a lifelong pursuit of learning.

Course requirements are as follows (185 minimum units required):

- Seven core courses: Chemical Engineering M105A or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M105A, Civil and Environmental Engineering 1, 108, Electrical Engineering 103, Materials Science and Engineering 14, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102, 103
- Civil and Environmental Engineering 120, 121, 130, 135A, 150, 151, 153; two courses in different major field areas involving a major design project selected from Civil and Environmental Engineering 123, 135L, 144, 147, 157B, 157C, 157L; Civil and Environmental Engineering 110 and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 182A
- Twenty-four elective units, to be selected from the courses listed below, which must include 8 units of laboratory in at least two major field areas and at least 12 units of design:

*Engineering Mechanics.*Civil and Environmental Engineering 130L, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 166C, 168

*Geotechnical Engineering.*Civil and Environmental Engineering 123, 125, 128L, Earth and Space Sciences 100, 139

*Structures.*Civil and Environmental Engineering 135B, 135C, 135L, 137, 137L, 141, 142, 142L, 143, 144, 147

*Systems Analysis.*Civil and Environmental Engineering 106A

*Transportation Engineering*. Civil and Environmental Engineering 180

*Water Resources and Environmental Engineering*. Civil and Environmental Engineering 154, 155, 156A, 156B, 157B, 157C, 157L, 163, 164, M166, 166L - Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A, 20B, 20L; Civil and Environmental Engineering 15; Mathematics 31A, 31B, 32A, 32B, 33A, 33B; Physics 1A, 1B, 1C, 4AL, 4BL
- HSSEAS general education (GE) requirements; see School Requirements on page 21 and http://www.registrar.ucla.edu/ge/GE-ENGRNew05-06.pdf for details

For information on graduate admission, see Graduate Programs, page 24.

The following introductory information is based on the 2005-06 edition of *Program Requirements for UCLA Graduate Degrees.* Complete annual editions of Program Requirements are available from the "Publications" link at http://www.gdnet.ucla.edu. Students are subject to the degree requirements as published in *Program Requirements* for the year in which they matriculate.

The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees in Civil Engineering.

Students may select either the thesis plan or comprehensive examination plan. At least nine courses are required, a majority of which must be in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department. At least five of the courses must be at the 200 level. In the thesis plan, seven of the nine must be formal 100- or 200-series courses. The remaining two may be 598 courses involving work on the thesis. In the comprehensive examination plan, 500-series courses may not be applied toward the nine-course requirement. A minimum 3.0 grade-point average is required in all coursework.

Each major field has a set of required preparatory courses which are normally completed during undergraduate studies. Equivalent courses taken at other institutions can satisfy the preparatory course requirements. The preparatory courses cannot be used to satisfy course requirements for the M.S. degree; courses must be selected in accordance with the lists of required graduate and elective courses for each major field.

*Undergraduate Courses* . No lower division courses may be applied toward graduate degrees. In addition, the following upper division courses are not applicable toward graduate degrees: Chemical Engineering M105A, 199; Civil and Environmental Engineering 106A, 108, 199; Computer Science M152A, M152B, M171L, 199; Electrical Engineering 100, 101, 102, 103, 110L, M116D, M116L, M171L, 199; Materials Science and Engineering 110, 120, 130, 131, 131L, 132, 140, 141L, 150, 160, 161L, 199; Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102, 103, M105A, 105D, 199.

The M.S. degree offers four fields of specialization that have specific course requirements.

*Required Preparatory Courses.* Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A, 20B, 20L; Mathematics 32A, 33A; Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103, M105A; Civil and Environmental Engineering 150 or 151, 153; Physics 1A, 1B, 4AL, 4BL.

*Required Graduate Courses. *Civil and Environmental Engineering 254A, 255A, 255B.

*Elective Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 110, 155, 157B, 157C, 163, 164, M166, 253, 258A, 263A, 263B, 265A, 265B, 266; a maximum of two of the following courses for students electing the thesis plan or a maximum of three of the following courses for students electing the comprehensive examination plan: Civil and Environmental Engineering 150, 226, 250A, 250B, 250C, 250D, 252, 260, M262A, M262B, Chemical Engineering 101C or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 105D, Chemical Engineering 106, 210, C218, 220, C240, Chemistry and Biochemistry 110A, 110B, Computer Science 270A, 271A, 271B, Electrical Engineering 236A, 236B, 236C, Environmental Health Sciences 240, 252D, 255, 264, 410A, 410B.

*Required Preparatory Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 108, 120, 121.

*Required Graduate Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 220, 221, 223, 224.

*Major Field Elective Courses.* Minimum of three courses must be selected from Civil and Environmental Engineering 123, 125, 128L, 222, 225, 226, 227, 228L.

*Elective Courses.* General: Earth and Space Sciences 139, 222, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256A; earthquake/structural engineering: Civil and Environmental Engineering 135A, 135B, 137, 235A, 235B, 235C, 244, 246, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 174; environmental engineering: Civil and Environmental Engineering 153, 164, 250B, 250C.

Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering

*Required Preparatory Courses.* Chemistry and Biochemistry 20A, 20B, 20L, Mathematics 32A, 32B, 33A; Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103, M105A; Civil and Environmental Engineering 150 or 151, 153; Physics 1A, 1B, 4AL, 4BL.

*Required Graduate Courses.* Minimum of five courses must be selected from Civil and Environmental Engineering 250A, 250B, 250C, 250D, 252, 253, 260, 265A, 265B.

*Elective Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 150, 164, 254A, 255A, 255B, 263A; a maximum of two of the following courses for students electing the thesis plan or a maximum of three of the following courses for students electing the comprehensive examination plan: Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences M203A, 218, Computer Science 270A, 271A, 271B, Electrical Engineering 236A, 236B, 236C, M237, Mathematics 269A, 269B, 269C.

Students may petition the department for permission to pursue programs of study that differ from the above norms.

Structural/Earthquake Engineering

*Required Preparatory Courses* . Civil and Environmental Engineering 135A, 135B, 141, 142.

*Required Graduate Courses* . Civil and Environmental Engineering 235A, 246; at least three of the following courses: Civil and Environmental Engineering 241, 242, 243A, 243B, 244, 247, 248.

*Elective Courses.* Undergraduate: No more than two courses from Civil and Environmental Engineering 125, 135C, 137, 143; geotechnical area: Civil and Environmental Engineering 220, 221, 222, 223, 225, 227; general graduate: Civil and Environmental Engineering M230A, M230B, 232, 233, 235B, 235C, 236, 238, M239, 241, 242, 243A, 243B, 244, 247, 248, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256A, 269B.

*Required Preparatory Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 130, 135A, 135B.

*Required Graduate Courses.* Civil and Environmental Engineering 232, 235A, 235B, 236, M237A.

*Elective Courses.* Undergraduate: No more than two courses from Civil and Environmental Engineering 135C, 137, 137L; graduate: Civil and Environmental Engineering M230A, M230B, 233, 234, 235C, 238, M239, 244, 246, 247, 248, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256A, 269B.

Comprehensive Examination Plan

In addition to the course requirements, under this plan there is a comprehensive written examination covering the subject matter contained in the program of study. The examination is administered by a comprehensive examination committee, which may conduct an oral examination in addition to the written examination. In case of failure, the examination may be repeated once with the consent of the graduate adviser.

In addition to the course requirements, under this plan students are required to write a thesis on a research topic in civil and environmental engineering supervised by the thesis adviser. An M.S. thesis committee reviews and approves the thesis. No oral examination is required.

Major Fields or Subdisciplines

Environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, hydrology and water resources engineering, structural/earthquake engineering, and structural mechanics.

There is no formal course requirement for the Ph.D. degree, and students may theoretically substitute coursework by examinations. However, students normally take courses to acquire the knowledge needed for the required written and oral preliminary examinations. The basic program of study for the Ph.D. degree is built around one major field and two minor fields. The major field has a scope corresponding to a body of knowledge contained in a detailed Ph.D. field syllabus available on request from the department office. Each minor field normally embraces a body of knowledge equivalent to three courses from the selected field, at least two of which are graduate courses. Grades of B- or better, with a grade-point average of at least 3.33 in all courses included in the minor field, are required. If students fail to satisfy the minor field requirements through coursework, a minor field examination may be taken (once only). The minor fields are chosen to support the major field and are usually subsets of other major fields.

Written and Oral Qualifying Examinations

After mastering the body of knowledge defined in the major field, students take a written preliminary examination. When the examination is passed and all coursework is completed, students take an oral preliminary examination that encompasses the major and minor fields. Both preliminary examinations should be completed within the first two years of full-time enrollment in the Ph.D. program. Students may not take an examination more than twice.

After passing both preliminary examinations, students take the University Oral Qualifying Examination. The nature and content of the examination are at the discretion of the doctoral committee, but ordinarily include a broad inquiry into the student's preparation for research. The doctoral committee also reviews the prospectus of the dissertation at the oral qualifying examination.

*Note: Doctoral Committees.* A doctoral committee consists of a minimum of four members. Three members, including the chair, must be "inside" members who hold full-time faculty appointments at UCLA in the student's major department in HSSEAS. The "outside" member must be a UCLA faculty member outside the student's major department.

Research in environmental engineering focuses on the understanding and management of physical, chemical, and biological processes in the environment and in engineering systems. Areas of research include process development for water and wastewater treatment systems and the investigation of the fate and transport of contaminants in the environment.

Research in geotechnical engineering focuses on understanding and advancing the state of knowledge on the effects that soils and soil deposits have on the performance, stability, and safety of civil engineering structures. Areas of research include laboratory investigations of soil behavior under static and dynamic loads, constitutive modeling of soil behavior, behavior of structural foundations under static and dynamic loads, soil improvement techniques, response of soil deposits and earth structures to earthquake loads, and the investigation of geotechnical aspects of environmental engineering.

Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering

Ongoing research programs deal with hydrologic processes, statistics related to climate and hydrology, multiobjective water resources planning and management, numerical modeling of solute transport in groundwater, remediation studies of contaminated soil and groundwater, and optimization of conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater.

Structures (Structural Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering)

Research in structural mechanics is directed toward improving the ability of engineers to understand and interpret structural behavior through experiments and computer analyses. Areas of special interest include computer analysis using finite-element techniques, structural dynamics, nonlinear behavior, plasticity, micromechanics of composites, damage and fracture mechanics, structural optimization, probabilistic static and dynamic analysis of structures, and experimental stress analysis.

Designing structural systems capable of surviving major earthquakes is the goal of experimental studies on the strength of full-scale reinforced concrete structures, computer analysis of soils/structural systems, design of earthquake resistant masonry, and design of seismic-resistant buildings and bridges

Teaching and research areas in structural/earthquake engineering involve assessing the performance of new and existing structures subjected to earthquake ground motions. Specific interests include assessing the behavior of reinforced concrete buildings and bridges, as well as structural steel, masonry, and timber structures. Integration of analytical studies with laboratory and field experiments is emphasized to assist in the development of robust analysis and design tools, as well as design recommendations. Reliability-based design and performance assessment methodologies are also an important field of study.

The Civil and Environmental Engineering Department has a number of laboratories to support its teaching and research:

*Experimental Fracture Mechanics Laboratory.*For preparing and testing specimens using modern dynamic testing machines to develop an understanding of fracture mechanics and to become familiar with experimental techniques available to study crack tip stress fields, strain energy release rate, surface flaws, and crack growth in laboratory samples.*Structural Design and Testing Laboratory.*For the design/optimization, construction, instrumentation, and testing of small-scale structural models to compare theoretical and observed behavior. Projects provide integrated design/laboratory experience involving synthesis of structural systems and procedures for measuring and analyzing response under load.*Reinforced Concrete Laboratory.*For students to conduct monotonic and cyclic loading to verify analysis and design methods for moderate-scale reinforced concrete slabs, beams, columns, and joints, which are tested to failure.*Mechanical Vibrations Laboratory.*For conducting free and forced vibration and earthquake response experiments on small model structures such as a three-story building, a portal frame, and a water intake/outlet tower for a reservoir. Two electromagnetic exciters, each with a 30-pound dynamic force rating, are available for generating steady state forced vibrations. A number of accelerometers, LVDTs (displacement transducers), and potentiometers are available for measuring the motions of the structure. A laboratory view-based computer-controlled dynamic data acquisition system, an oscilloscope, and a spectrum analyzer are used to visualize and record the motion of the model structures.

Two small electromagnetic and servohydraulic shaking tables (1.5 ft. x 1.5 ft. and 2 ft. x 4 ft.) are available to simulate the dynamic response of structures to base excitation such as earthquake ground motions.

*Environmental Engineering Laboratories.*For the study of basic laboratory techniques for characterizing water and wastewaters. Selected experiments include measurement of biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, dissolved oxygen hardness, and other parameters used in water quality control.*Soil Mechanics Laboratory*. For performing experiments to establish data required for soil classification, soil compaction, shear strength of soils, soil settlement, and consolidation characteristics of soils.*Advanced Soil Mechanics Laboratory.*For presenting and performing advanced triaxial, simple shear, and consolidation soil tests. For demonstration of cyclic soil testing techniques and advanced data acquisition and processing.

*Experimental Mechanics Laboratory.*For supporting two major activities: the Optical Metrology Laboratory and the Experimental Fracture Mechanics Laboratory.

In the*Optical Metrology Laboratory*, tools of modern optics are applied to engineering problems. Such techniques as holography, speckle-interferometry, Moiré analysis, and fluorescence-photo mechanics are used for obtaining displacement, stress, strain, or velocity fields in either solids or liquids. Recently, real-time video digital processors have been combined with these modern optical technical techniques, allowing direct interfacing with computer-based systems such as computer-aided testing or robotic manufacturing.

The*Experimental Fracture Mechanics Laboratory*is currently involved in computer-aided testing (CAT) of the fatigue fracture mechanics of ductile material. An online dedicated computer controls the experiment as well as records and manipulates data.*Large-Scale Structure Test Facility.*For investigating the behavior of large-scale structural components and systems subjected to gravity and earthquake loadings. The facility consists of a high-bay area with a 20 ft. x 50 ft. strong floor with anchor points at 3 ft. on center. Actuators with servohydraulic controllers are used to apply monotonic or cyclic loads. The area is serviced by two cranes. The facilities are capable of testing large-scale structural components under a variety of axial and lateral loadings.

Associated with the laboratory is an electrohydraulic universal testing machine with force capacity of 100 tons. The machine is used mainly to apply tensile and compressive loads to specimens so that the properties of the materials from which the specimens are made can be determined. It can also be used in fatigue-testing of small components.*Soil Mechanics Laboratory.*For standard experiments and advanced research in geotechnical engineering, with equipment for static and dynamic triaxial and simple shear testing. Modem computer-controlled servo-hydraulic closed-loop system supports triaxial and simple shear devices. The system is connected to state-of-the-art data acquisition equipment. The laboratory also includes special simple shear apparatuses for small-strain static and cyclic testing and for one-dimensional or two-dimensional cyclic loading across a wide range of frequencies. A humidity room is available for storing soil samples.*Building Earthquake Instrumentation Network.*More than100 earthquake strong motion instruments in three campus buildings to measure the response of actual buildings during earthquakes. When combined with over 50 instruments placed in four Century City high-rises and retail buildings, this network, which is maintained by the U.S. Geological Society and State of California Division of Mines and Geology Strong Motion Program, represents the most detailed building instrumentation network in the world. The goal of the research conducted using the response of these buildings is to improve computer modeling methods and the ability of structural engineers to predict the performance of buildings during earthquakes.*Environmental Engineering Laboratories.*For conducting water and wastewater analysis, including instrumental techniques such as GC, GC/MS, HPLC, TOC, IC, and particle counting instruments. A wide range of wet chemical analysis can be made in this facility with 6,000 square feet of laboratory space and an accompanying 4,000-square-foot rooftop facility where large pilot scale experiments can be conducted. Additionally, electron microscopy is available in another laboratory.

Recently studies have been conducted on oxygen transfer, storm water toxicity, transport of pollutants in soil, membrane fouling, removal from drinking water, and computer simulation of a variety of environmental processes.

Jiun-Shyan Chen, Ph.D. (Northwestern, 1989)

Finite element methods, meshfree methods, large deformation mechanics, inelasticity, contact problems, structural dynamics

Jiann-Wen Ju, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1986)

Damage mechanics, mechanics of composite materials, computational plasticity, and computational mechanics

Michael K. Stenstrom, Ph.D. (Clemson, 1976)

Process development and control for water and wastewater treatment plants

Keith D. Stolzenbach, Ph.D. (MIT, 1971)

Environmental fluid mechanics, fate and transport of pollutants, dynamics of particles

Stanley B. Dong, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1962)

Structural mechanics, structural dynamics, finite element methods, numerical methods and mechanics of composite materials

Lewis P. Felton, Ph.D. (Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1964)

Structural analysis, structural mechanics, automated optimum structural design, including reliability-based design

Michael E. Fourney, Ph.D. (Cal Tech, 1963)

Experimental mechanics, special emphasis on application of modern optical techniques

Gary C. Hart, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1968)

Structural engineering analysis and design of buildings for earthquake and wind loads, structural dynamics, and uncertainty and risk analysis of structures

Poul V. Lade, Ph.D. (UC Berkeley, 1972)

Soil mechanics, stress-strain and strength characteristics of soils, deformation and stability analyses of foundation engineering problems

Tung Hua Lin, D.Sc. (Michigan, 1953)

Plasticity and creep: micromechanics and constitutive relations of metals; elastic-plastic analysis of structures; creep analysis of structures

Richard L. Perrine, Ph.D. (Stanford, 1953)

Resource and environmental problems--chemical, petroleum, or hydrological, physics of flow through porous media, transport phenomena, kinetics

Moshe F. Rubinstein, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1961)

Systems analysis and design, problem-solving and decision-making models

Lucien A. Schmit, Jr., M.S. (MIT, 1950)

Structural mechanics, optimization, automated design methods for structural systems and components, application of finite element analysis techniques and mathematical programming algorithms in structural design, analysis and synthesis methods for fiber composite structural components

Eric M.V. Hoek, Ph.D. (Yale, 2001)

Physical and chemical environmental processes, colloidal and interfacial phenomena, environmental membrane separations, bio-adhesion and bio-fouling

Terri S. Hogue, Ph.D. (Arizona, 2003)

Surface hydrology, hydroclimatology, rainfall-runoff modeling, operational flood forecasting, parameter estimation, model optimization techniques, sensitivity analysis, land-surface-atmosphere interactions, surface vegetation atmosphere transfer schemes (SVATS), and carbon flux modeling

Steven Margulis, Ph.D. (MIT, 2000)

Surface hydrology, hydrometeorology, remote sensing, data assimilation

Patrick J. Fox, Ph.D. (Wisconsin, Madison, 1992)

Flow through porous median, settlement analysis, soil properties and testing, environmental geotechnology, reinforced soil walls, discrete element modeling, and smoothed particle hydrodynamics.

Thomas Sabol, Ph.D. (UCLA, 1985)

Seismic performance and structural design issues for steel and concrete seismic force resisting systems; application of probabilistic methods to earthquake damage quantification

1. Introduction to Civil Engineering. (2)

Lecture, two hours. Introduction to scope of civil engineering profession, including earthquake, environmental, geotechnical, structural, transportation, and water resources engineering. P/NP grading. Mr. Yeh (F)

15. Introduction to Computing for Civil Engineers. (4)

Lecture, four hours; laboratory, eight hours; outside study, four hours. Introduction to computer programming using single language such as Fortran or MATLAB. Selected topics in programming, with emphasis on numerical techniques as applied to engineering programs. Letter grading. Mr. Chen, Mr. Ju (F,W,Sp)

19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars. (1)

Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

58SL. Wetlands and Water Quality Service Learning Course. (4)

Lecture, three hours. Learning and teaching of basic water quality concepts and wetland functions in one of two middle school classrooms in Los Angeles. Topics include photosynthesis, respiration, basic water quality parameters (pH, dissolved oxygen, salinity, turbidity), basic contaminant chemistry and metal precipitation, and role of wetlands in microbial water quality. Field trip with middle school students to Ballona Wetlands. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (W)

99. Student Research Program. (1 to 2)

Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

Lecture, two hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: Mathematics 31B, Physics 1B. Introduction to equilibrium principles for engineered systems. Study of internal forces and moments in beams, including relationships for shear, axial load, and moment diagrams. Introduction to support conditions and geometric properties of structural members. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

106A. Problem Solving in Engineering Economy. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Problem-solving and decision-making framework for economic analysis of engineering projects. Foundation for understanding corporate financial practices and accounting. Decisions on capital investments and choice of alternatives for engineering applications in all fields. Introduction to use of engineering economics in analysis of inflation and public investments. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (F)

108. Introduction to Mechanics of Deformable Solids. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: Mathematics 33A, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 102. Review of equilibrium principles; forces and moments transmitted by slender members. Concepts of stress and strain. Material constitution (stress-strain relations). Yield criteria. Structural applications to trusses, beams, shafts, columns, and pressure vessels. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F,W,Sp)

110. Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers. (4)

(Formerly numbered 160.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 15, Mathematics 32A, 33A. Introduction to fundamental concepts and applications of probability and statistics in civil engineering, with focus on how these concepts are used in experimental design and sampling, data analysis, risk and reliability analysis, and project design under uncertainty. Topics include basic probability concepts, random variables and analytical probability distributions, functions of random variables, estimating parameters from observational data, regression, hypothesis testing, and Bayesian concepts. Letter grading. Mr. Margulis (Sp)

120. Principles of Soil Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 108. Soil as a foundation for structures and as a material of construction. Soil formation, classification, physical and mechanical properties, soil compaction, earth pressures, consolidation, and shear strength. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (F)

121. Design of Foundations and Earth Structures. (4)

*
Lecture, four hours; *
discussion*
, two hours; outside study, six hours. *
Requisite: course 120. Design methods for foundations and earth structures. Site investigation, including evaluation of soil properties for design. Design of footings and piles, including stability and settlement calculations. Design of slopes and earth retaining structures. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (W)

123. Advanced Geotechnical Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 121. Analysis and design of earth dams, including seepage, piping, and slope stability analyses. Case history studies involving landslides, settlement, and expansive soil problems, and design of repair methodologies for those problems. Within context of above technical problems, emphasis on preparation of professional engineering documents such as proposals, work acknowledgements, figures, plans, and reports. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (Sp)

125. Fundamentals of Earthquake Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 121 and either 137 or 222. Representations of earthquake ground motion, including response and Fourier spectra. Seismic design codes for building structures. Ground motion hazard analysis, including fault characterization, attenuation relationships, and site effects. Near fault ground motions. Time history selection. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (Sp)

128L. Soil Mechanics Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, one hour; laboratory, eight hours; outside study, three hours. Requisite or corequisite: course 120. Laboratory experiments to be performed by students to obtain soil parameters required for assigned design problems. Soil classification, grain size distribution, Atterberg limits, specific gravity, compaction, expansion index, consolidation, shear strength determination. Design problems, laboratory report writing. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (F,Sp)

130. Elementary Structural Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 108. Analysis of stress and strain, phenomenological material behavior, extension, bending, and transverse shear stresses in beams with general cross-sections, shear center, deflection of beams, torsion of beams, warping, column instability and failure. Letter grading. Mr. Taciroglu (W)

130L. Experimental Structural Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, six hours; outside study, four hours. Requisite or corequisite: course 130. Lectures and laboratory experiments in various structural mechanics testing of metals, plastics, and concrete. Direct tension. Direct compression. Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation. Elastic buckling of columns. Fracture mechanics testing and fracture toughness. Splitting and flexural tension. Elastic, plastic, and fracture behavior. ASTM, RILEM, and USBR. Cyclic loading. Microstructures of concrete. Size effects. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (W)

135A. Elementary Structural Analysis. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: courses 15, 108. Introduction to structural analysis; classification of structural elements; analysis of statically determinate trusses, beams, and frames; deflections in elementary structures; virtual work; analysis of indeterminate structures using force method; introduction to displacement method and energy concepts. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

135B. Intermediate Structural Analysis. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 135A. Analysis of truss and frame structures using matrix methods; matrix force methods; matrix displacement method; analysis concepts based on theorem of virtual work; moment distribution. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (W)

135C. Finite Element Methods. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, seven hours. Requisites: courses 130, 135B. Direct approach for truss analysis, strong form and weak form, approximation functions for finite element methods, weighted residual methods, Ritz method, variational method, convergence criteria and rate of convergence, natural coordinates and shape functions, isoparametric finite elements, finite element formulation of multidimensional heat flow and elasticity, numerical integration and approximation properties, finite element formulation of beam. Letter grading. Mr. Chen, Mr. Ju (Sp)

135L. Structural Design and Testing Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: courses 15, 135A. Limited enrollment. Computer-aided optimum design, construction, instrumentation, and test of a small-scale model structure. Use of computer-based data acquisition and interpretation systems for comparison of experimental and theoretically predicted behavior. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

137. Elementary Structural Dynamics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 135B. Basic structural dynamics course for civil engineering students. Elastic free, forced vibration, and earthquake response spectra analysis for single and multidegree of freedom systems. Axial, bending, and torsional vibration of beams. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

137L. Structural Dynamics Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, six hours; outside study, four hours. Requisite or corequisite: course 137. Calibration of instrumentation for dynamic measurements. Determination of natural frequencies and damping factors from free vibrations. Determination of natural frequencies, mode shapes, and damping factors from forced vibrations. Dynamic similitude. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 135A. Introduction to building codes. Fundamentals of load and resistance factor design of steel elements. Design of tension and compression members. Design of beams and beam columns. Simple connection design. Introduction to computer modeling methods and design process. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (F)

142. Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, three hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 135A. Beams, columns, and slabs in reinforced concrete structures. Properties of reinforced concrete materials. Design of beams and slabs for flexure, shear, anchorage of reinforcement, and deflection. Design of columns for axial force, bending, and shear. Ultimate strength design methods. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (W)

142L. Reinforced Concrete Structural Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, six hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: courses 135B, 142. Limited enrollment. Design considerations used for reinforced concrete beams, columns, slabs, and joints evaluated using analysis and experiments. Links between theory, building codes, and experimental results. Students demonstrate accuracies and limitations of calculation procedures used in design of reinforced concrete structures. Development of skills for written and oral presentations. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (Sp)

143. Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: courses 135A, 142. Prestressing and post-tensioning techniques. Properties of concrete and prestressing steels. Design considerations: anchorage/bonding of cables/wire, flexure analysis by superposition and strength methods, draping of cables, deflection and stiffness, indeterminate structures, limitation of prestressing. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (Sp)

144. Structural Systems Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 137, 141, 142. Design course for civil engineering students, with focus on design and performance of complete building structural systems. Uniform Building Code dead, live, wind, and earthquake loads. Design of concrete masonry building. Computer analysis of performance of designed building. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (Sp)

147. Design and Construction of Tall Buildings. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 135B, 141. Limited enrollment. Introduction to total design process and professional participants. Systematic presentation of advantages and limitations of different structural forms and systems. Identification of critical design factors influenced by tallness. Foundation systems. Construction site visits, costing, and scheduling. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (W)

150. Introduction to Hydrology. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103. Precipitation, evaporation and plant transpiration, infiltration and recharge, climatology, stream flow analysis, flood frequency analysis, groundwater, snow hydrology, hydrologic simulation. Letter grading. Mr. Margulis (F)

151. Introduction to Water Resources Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103. Principles of hydraulics, flow of water in open channels and pressure conduits, reservoirs and dams, hydraulic machinery, hydroelectric power. Introduction to system analysis and design applied to water resources engineering. Letter grading. Ms. Hogue (W)

153. Introduction to Environmental Engineering Science. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103. Water, air, and soil pollution: sources, transformations, effects, and processes for removal of contaminants. Water quality, water and wastewater treatment, waste disposal, air pollution, global environmental problems. Field trip. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (F)

154. Chemical Fate and Transport in Aquatic Environments. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Chemistry 20A, 20B, Mathematics 31A, 31B, Physics 1A, 1B. Fundamental physical, chemical, and biological principles governing movement and fate of chemicals in surface waters and groundwater. Topics include physical transport in various aquatic environments, air-water exchange, acid-base equilibria, oxidation-reduction chemistry, chemical sorption, biodegradation, and bioaccumulation. Practical quantitative problems solved considering both reaction and transport of chemicals in environment. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (F)

155. Unit Operations and Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 153. Biological, chemical, and physical methods used to modify water quality. Fundamentals of phenomena governing design of engineered systems for water and wastewater treatment systems. Field trip. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F)

156A. Environmental Chemistry Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, four hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: course 153 (may be taken concurrently), Chemistry 20A, 20B. Basic laboratory techniques in analytical chemistry related to water and wastewater analysis. Selected experiments include gravimetric analysis, titrimetry spectrophotometry, redox systems, pH and electrical conductivity. Concepts to be applied to analysis of "real" water samples in course 156B. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F,Sp)

156B. Water Quality Control Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, four hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisites: course 156A, Chemistry 20A, 20B. Characterization and analysis of typical natural waters and wastewaters for inorganic and organic constituents. Selected experiments include solids, nitrogen species, oxygen demand, chlorine, alkalinity, hardness, and trace analysis. Discussion of relevance of these measurements to water resource engineering. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (W)

157B. Design of Water Treatment Plants. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours; laboratory, four hours; other, four hours. Requisite: course 155. Water quality standards and regulations, overview of water treatment plants, design of unit operations, predesign of water treatment plants, hydraulics of plants, process control, and cost estimation. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (Sp)

157C. Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 155. Process design of wastewater treatment plants, including primary and secondary treatment, detailed design review of existing plants, process control, and economics. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (W)

157L. Hydrologic Analysis and Design. (4)

Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: courses 150 and/or 151. Collection, compilation, and interpretation of data for quantification of surface water components of hydrologic cycle, including precipitation, evaporation, infiltration, and runoff. Use of hydrologic variables and parameters for development, construction, and application of analytical models for selected problems in hydrology and water resources. Field trip required. Letter grading. Ms. Hogue (W,Sp)

163. Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry and Air Pollution. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 153, Chemistry 20A, 20B, Mathematics 31A, 31B, Physics 1A, 1B. Description of processes affecting chemical composition of troposphere: air pollutant concentrations/standards, urban and regional ozone, aerosol pollution, formation/deposition of acid precipitation, fate of anthropogenic/toxic/natural organic and inorganic compounds, selected global chemical cycle(s). Control technologies. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (Sp)

164. Hazardous Waste Site Investigation and Remediation. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 150, 153, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 103. Overview of hazardous waste types and potential sources. Techniques in measuring and modeling subsurface flow and contaminant transport in the subsurface. Design project illustrating a remedial investigation and feasibility study. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (W)

M166. Environmental Microbiology. (4)

(Formerly numbered 166.) (Same as Environmental Health Sciences M166.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisite: course 153. Microbial cell and its metabolic capabilities, microbial genetics and its potentials, growth of microbes and kinetics of growth, microbial ecology and diversity, microbiology of wastewater treatment, probing of microbes, public health microbiology, pathogen control. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (F)

166L. Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Laboratory. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours; laboratory, four hours; outside study, four hours. Requisite: course M166. General laboratory practice within environmental microbiology, sampling of environmental samples, classical and modern molecular techniques for enumeration of microbes from environmental samples, techniques for determination of microbial activity in environmental samples, laboratory setups for studying environmental biotechnology. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (Sp)

180. Introduction to Transportation Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours; outside study, six hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. General characteristics of transportation systems, including streets and highways, rail, transit, air, and water. Capacity considerations including time-space diagrams and queueing. Components of transportation system design, including horizontal and vertical alignment, cross sections, earthwork, drainage, and pavements. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (Sp)

188. Special Courses in Civil and Environmental Engineering. (4)

(Formerly numbered 198.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Special topics in civil engineering for undergraduate students that are taught on experimental or temporary basis, such as courses taught by resident and visiting faculty members. May be repeated once for credit with topic or instructor change. Letter grading. (F,W,Sp)

194. Research Group Seminars: Civil and Environmental Engineering. (4)

Seminar, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for undergraduate students who are part of research group. Discussion of research methods and current literature in field or of research of faculty members or students. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

199. Directed Research in Civil and Environmental Engineering. (2 to 8)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit with school approval. Individual contract required; enrollment petitions available in Office of Academic and Student Affairs. Letter grading. (F,W,Sp)

220. Advanced Soil Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 120. State of stress. Consolidation and settlement analysis. Shear strength of granular and cohesive soils. In situ and laboratory methods for soil property evaluation. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (F)

221. Advanced Foundation Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 121, 220. Stress distribution. Bearing capacity and settlement of shallow foundations, including spread footings and mats. Performance of driven pile and drilled shaft foundations under vertical and lateral loading. Construction considerations. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (W)

222. Introduction to Soil Dynamics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 120. Review of engineering problems involving soil dynamics. Fundamentals of theoretical soil dynamics: response of sliding block-on-a-plane to cyclic earthquake loads, application of theories of single degree-of-freedom (DOF) system, multiple DOF system and one-dimensional wave propagation. Fundamentals of cyclic soil behavior: stress-strain-pore water pressure behavior, shear moduli and damping, cyclic settlement and concept of volumetric cyclic threshold shear strain. Introduction to modeling of cyclic soil behavior. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (W)

223. Earth Retaining Structures. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 120, 121. Basic concepts of theory of earth pressures behind retaining structures, with special application to design of retaining walls, bulkheads, sheet piles, and excavation bracing. Effects of flexibility, creep in soils, and construction techniques on stability of bulkheads and sheet piles. Mechanical stabilization of soils, such as with soil nails and geosynthetics. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (W)

224. Advanced Cyclic and Monotonic Soil Behavior. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 120. In-depth study of soil behavior under cyclic and monotonic loads. Relationships between stress, strain, pore water pressure, and volume change in range of very small and large strains. Concept of normalized static and cyclic soil behavior. Cyclic degradation and liquefaction of saturated soils. Cyclic settlement of partially saturated and dry soils. Concept of volumetric cyclic threshold shear strain. Factors affecting shear moduli and damping during cyclic loading. Postcyclic behavior under monotonic loads. Critical review of laboratory, field, and modeling testing techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (F)

225. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 120, 137. Analysis of earthquake ground motions, including seismic source modeling, travel path effects, and site response effects. Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis. Soil liquefaction. Seismic slope stability. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart (Sp)

226. Geoenvironmental Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 120. Field of geoenvironmental engineering involves application of geotechnical principles to environmental problems. Topics include environmental regulations, waste characterization, geosynthetics, solid waste landfills, subsurface barrier walls, and disposal of high water content materials. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart, Mr. Vucetic (Sp)

227. Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 220. Introduction to basic concepts of computer modeling of soils using finite element method, and to constitutive modeling based on elasticity and plasticity theories. Special emphasis on numerical applications and identification of modeling concerns such as instability, bifurcation, nonexistence, and nonuniqueness of solutions. Letter grading. Mr. Stewart, Mr. Vucetic (Sp)

228L. Advanced Soil Mechanics Laboratory. (4)

*
Lecture, one hour; laboratory, six hours; outside study, five hours. *
Requisites: courses 120, 121. Lectures and laboratory studies covering more advanced aspects of laboratory determination of soil properties and their application to design. Tests to determine permeability, consolidation, and sheer strength. Review of advanced instrumentation and measurement techniques. Letter grading. Mr. Vucetic (W)

(Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256A.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 156A or 166A. Linear elastostatics. Cartesian tensors; infinitesimal strain tensor; Cauchy stress tensor; strain energy; equilibrium equations; linear constitutive relations; plane elastostatic problems, holes, corners, inclusions, cracks; three-dimensional problems of Kelvin, Boussinesq, and Cerruti. Introduction to boundary integral equation method. Letter grading. Mr. Ju, Mr. Mal (F)

(Formerly numbered M230.) (Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256B.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course M230A. Solution of linear elastostatic problems using special techniques. Field equations of linear elastostatics; uniqueness of solution; Betti/Rayleigh reciprocity relation; solution of two-dimensional problems using stress functions; stress concentration at holes and inclusions; complex variables and transform methods in elasticity; stress singularity at cracks and corners; stresses and strains in composites; three-dimensional problems -- Kelvin, Boussinesq, and Cerruti problems, boundary integral equation method. Letter grading. Mr. Ju, Mr. Mal (W)

232. Theory of Plates and Shells. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 130 or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 156B. Small and large deformation theories of thin plates; energy methods; free vibrations; membrane theory of shells; axisymmetric deformations of cylindrical and spherical shells, including bending. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

233. Mechanics of Composite Material Structures. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses M230B, 232. Elastic, anisotropic stress-strain-temperature relations. Analysis of prismatic beams by three-dimensional elasticity. Analysis of laminated anisotropic plates and shells based on classical and first-order shear deformation theories. Elastodynamic behavior of laminated plates and cylinders. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

234. Advanced Topics in Structural Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Limited to graduate engineering students. Current topics in composite materials, computational methods, finite element analysis, structural synthesis, nonlinear mechanics, and structural mechanics in general. Topics may vary from term to term. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

235A. Advanced Structural Analysis. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 135A. Recommended: course 135B. Review of matrix force and displacement methods of structural analysis; virtual work theorem, virtual forces, and displacements; theorems on stationary value of total and complementary potential energy, minimum total potential energy, Maxwell/Betti theorems, effects of approximations, introduction to finite element analysis. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

235B. Finite Element Analysis of Structures. (4)

*
Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisites: courses 130, 235A. Direct energy formulations for deformable systems; solution methods for linear equations; analysis of structural systems with one-dimensional elements; introduction to variational calculus; discrete element displacement, force, and mixed methods for membrane, plate, shell structures; instability effects. Letter grading. Mr. Chen (W)

235C. Nonlinear Structural Analysis. (4)

*
Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisite: course 235B. Classification of nonlinear effects; material nonlinearities; conservative, nonconservative material behavior; geometric nonlinearities, Lagrangian, Eulerian description of motion; finite element methods in geometrically nonlinear problems; postbuckling behavior of structures; solution of nonlinear equations; incremental, iterative, programming methods. Letter grading. Mr. Ju, Mr. Taciroglu (Sp)

236. Stability of Structures I. (4)

*
Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisite: course 130 or 135B. Elastic buckling of bars. Different approaches to stability problems. Inelastic buckling of columns and beam columns. Columns and beam columns with linear, nonlinear creep. Combined torsional and flexural buckling of columns. Buckling of plates. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

M237A. Dynamics of Structures. (4)

(Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M269A.) *
Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisite: course 137. Principles of dynamics. Determination of normal modes and frequencies by differential and integral equation solutions. Transient and steady state response. Emphasis on derivation and solution of governing equations using matrix formulation. Letter grading. Mr. Bendiksen, Mr. Ju (W)

238. Computational Solid Mechanics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 235B. Advanced finite element and meshfree methods for computational solid mechanics. Stability and consistency in temporal discretization of parabolic and hyperbolic systems. Analysis of numerical dissipation and dispersion. Multifield variational principles for constrained problems. Meshfree methods: approximation theories, Galerkin meshfree methods, collocation meshfree methods, imposition of boundary conditions, domain integration, stability. Letter grading. Mr. Chen (Sp)

(Same as Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering M256C.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 256A, M256B. Classical rate-independent plasticity theory, yield functions, flow rules and thermodynamics. Classical rate-dependent viscoplasticity, Perzyna and Duvant/Lions types of viscoplasticity. Thermoplasticity and creep. Return mapping algorithms for plasticity and viscoplasticity. Finite element implementations. Letter grading. Mr. Ju, Mr. Mal (Sp)

241. Advanced Steel Structures. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 137, 141, 235A. Performance characterization of steel structures for static and earthquake loads. Behavior state analysis and building code provisions for special moment resisting, braced, and eccentric braced frames. Composite steel-concrete structures. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

242. Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 142. Design of building and other structural systems for vertical and lateral loads. Earthquake forces. Ductility in elements and systems. Columns: secondary effects and biaxial bending. Slabs: code and analysis methods. Footings, shear walls, diaphragms, chords, and collectors. Detailing for ductile behavior. Retrofitting. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (W)

243A. Behavior and Design of Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 142. Advanced topics on design of reinforced concrete structures, including stress-strain relationships for plain and confined concrete, moment-curvature analysis of sections, and design for shear. Design of slender and low-rise walls, as well as design of beam-column joints. Introduction to displacement-based design and applications of strut-and-tie models. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (F)

243B. Response and Design of Reinforced Concrete Structural Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 243A, 246. Information on response and behavior of reinforced concrete buildings to earthquake ground motions. Topics include use of elastic and inelastic response spectra, role of strength, stiffness, and ductility in design, use of prescriptive versus performance-based design methodologies, and application of elastic and inelastic analysis techniques for new and existing construction. Letter grading. Mr. Wallace (W)

244. Structural Loads and Safety for Civil Structures. (4)

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Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisite: course 141 or 142 or 143 or 144. Modeling of uncertainties in structural loads and structural mechanics; structural safety analysis; and calculation of capacity reduction factors. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (F)

246. Structural Response to Ground Motions. (4)

*
Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. *
Requisites: courses 137, 141, 142, 235A. Spectral analysis of ground motions: response, time, and Fourier spectra. Response of structures to ground motions due to earthquakes. Computational methods to evaluate structural response. Response analysis, including evaluation of contemporary design standards. Limitations due to idealizations. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (W)

247. Advanced Structural Dynamics for Civil Engineering. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 137, 235A, 235B, M237A or 246. Dynamic response of linear structures with proportional and nonproportional damping using modal superposition methods. Dynamic response of inelastic systems using numerical integration. Introduction to base isolation and active structural control. Earthquake engineering applications. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

248. Probabilistic Structural Dynamics. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 244, Electrical Engineering 131A, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 174. Introduction to probability theory and random processes. Dynamic analysis of linear and nonlinear structural systems subjected to stationary and nonstationary random excitations. Reliability studies related to first excursion and fatigue failures. Applications in earthquake, offshore, wind, and aerospace engineering. Letter grading. Mr. Ju (Sp)

249. Selected Topics in Structural Engineering and Mechanics. (2)

Lecture, two hours; outside study, six hours. Review of recent research and developments in structural engineering and mechanics. Structural analysis, finite elements, structural stability, dynamics of structures, structural design, earthquake engineering, ground motion, elasticity, plasticity, structural mechanics, mechanics of composites, and constitutive modeling. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading. Mr. Ju, Mr. Wallace (F,W,Sp)

250A. Surface Water Hydrology. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 150. In-depth study of surface water hydrology, including discussion and interrelationship of major topics such as rainfall and evaporation, soils and infiltration properties, runoff and snowmelt processes. Introduction to rainfall-runoff modeling, floods, and policy issues involved in water resource engineering and management. Letter grading. Mr. Margulis (F)

250B. Groundwater Hydrology. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 150. Theory of movement and occurrence of water in subterranean aquifers. Steady flow in confined and unconfined aquifers. Mechanics of wells; steady and unsteady radial flows in confined and unconfined aquifers. Theory of leaky aquifers. Parameter estimation. Seawater intrusion. Numerical methods. Applications. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (W)

Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 250A. In-depth study of hydrometeorological processes. Role of hydrology in climate system, precipitation and evaporation processes, atmospheric radiation, exchange of mass, heat, and momentum between soil and vegetation surface and overlying atmosphere, flux and transport in turbulent boundary layer, basic remote sensing principles. Letter grading. Mr. Margulis (W)

250D. Water Resources Systems Engineering. (4)

(Formerly numbered 251.) Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 151. Application of mathematical programming techniques to water resources systems. Topics include reservoir management and operation; optimal timing, sequencing and sizing of water resources projects; and multiobjective planning and conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater. Emphasis on management of water quantity. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (Sp)

251A. Rainfall-Runoff Modeling. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 250A, 251C. Introduction to hydrologic modeling concepts, including rainfall-runoff analysis, input data, uncertainty analysis, lumped and distributed modeling, parameter estimation and sensitivity analysis, and application of models for flood forecasting and prediction of streamflows in water resource applications. Letter grading. Ms. Hogue (Sp)

251B. Land Surface Remote Sensing and Data Assimilation. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 250A. Introduction to basic concepts of remote sensing, how these measurements are related to hydrologically relevant parameters like topography, soil moisture, snow properties, vegetation, and precipitation, and introduction to basic concepts of estimation theory (weighted least squares, maximum likelihood, Bayesian estimation) for purposes of hydrologic data assimilation. Letter grading. Mr. Margulis (Sp)

251C. Mathematical Modeling of Contaminant Transport in Groundwater. (4)

(Formerly numbered 250C.) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, eight hours. Requisites: courses 250B, 253. Phenomena and mechanisms of hydrodynamic dispersion, governing equations of mass transport in porous media, various analytical and numerical solutions, determination of dispersion parameters by laboratory and field experiments, coupled and multiphase pollution problems, computer programs and applications. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (W)

252. Engineering Economic Analysis of Water and Environmental Planning. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: course 106A, one or more courses from Economics 1, 2, 11, 100, 101. Economic theory and applications in analysis and management of water and environmental problems; application of price theory to water resource management and renewable resources; benefit-cost analysis with applications to water resources and environmental planning. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (Sp)

253. Mathematical Models for Water Quality Management. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 153. Development of mathematical models for simulating environmental engineering problems. Emphasis on numerical techniques to solve nonlinear partial differential equations and their application to environmental engineering problems. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F)

254A. Environmental Aquatic Inorganic Chemistry. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: Chemistry 20B, Mathematics 31A, 31B, Physics 1A, 1B. Equilibrium and kinetic descriptions of chemical behavior of metals and inorganic ions in natural fresh/marine surface waters and in water treatment. Processes include acid-base chemistry and alkalinity (carbonate system), complexation, precipitation/dissolution, absorption oxidation/reduction, and photochemistry. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F)

255A. Physical and Chemical Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 155, 254A. Review of momentum and mass transfer, chemical reaction engineering, coagulation and flocculation, granular filtrations, sedimentation, carbon adsorption, gas transfer, disinfection, oxidation, and membrane processes. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (W)

255B. Biological Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 254A, 255A. Fundamentals of environmental engineering microbiology; kinetics of microbial growth and biological oxidation; applications for activated sludge, gas transfer, fixed-film processes, aerobic and anaerobic digestion, sludge disposal, and biological nutrient removal. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (Sp)

258A. Membrane Separations in Aquatic Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 254A. Applications of membrane separations to desalination, water reclamation, brine disposal, and ultrapure water systems. Discussion of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, electrodialysis, and ion exchange technologies from both practical and theoretical standpoints. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (W)

259A. Selected Topics in Environmental Engineering. (2)

Lecture, two hours; outside study, four hours. Review of recent research and developments in environmental engineering. Water and wastewater treatment systems, nonpoint pollution, multimedia impacts. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (F,W,Sp)

259B. Selected Topics in Water Resources. (2 to 4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Review of recent research and developments in water resources. Water supply and hydrology, global climate change, economic planning, optimization of water resources development. May be taken for a maximum of 4 units. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F,W,Sp)

260. Advanced Topics in Hydrology and Water Resources. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 250A, 250B, 250D. Current research topics in inverse problem of parameter estimation, experimental design, conjunctive use of surface and groundwater, multiobjective water resources planning, and optimization of water resource systems. Topics may vary from term to term. Letter grading. Mr. Yeh (Sp)

261. Colloidal Phenomena in Aquatic Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 254A, 255A. Colloidal interactions, colloidal stability, colloidal hydrodynamics, surface chemistry, adsorption of pollutants on colloidal surfaces, transport of colloids in porous media, coagulation, and particle deposition. Consideration of applications to colloidal processes in aquatic environments. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (Sp)

261B. Advanced Biological Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 255B. In-depth treatment of selected topics related to biological treatment of waters and wastewaters, such as biodegradation of xenobiotics, pharmaceuticals, emerging pollutants, toxicity, and nutrients. Discussion of theoretical aspects, experimental observations, and recent literature. Application to important and emerging environmental problems. Letter grading. Mr. Stenstrom (F)

M262A. Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry. (4)

(Same as Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences M203A.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite for undergraduates: Chemistry 20B. Principles of chemical kinetics, thermochemistry, spectroscopy, and photochemistry; chemical composition and history of Earth's atmosphere; biogeochemical cycles of key atmospheric constituents; basic photochemistry of troposphere and stratosphere, upper atmosphere chemical processes; air pollution; chemistry and climate. S/U or letter grading. (W)

M262B. Atmospheric Diffusion and Air Pollution. (4)

(Same as Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences M224B.) Lecture, three hours. Nature and sources of atmospheric pollution; diffusion from point, line, and area sources; pollution dispersion in urban complexes; meteorological factors and air pollution potential; meteorological aspects of air pollution. S/U (for majors with consent of instructor after successful completion of written and oral comprehensive examination and for nonmajors at discretion of major department) or letter grading.

263A. Physics of Environmental Transport. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for graduate students. Transport processes in surface water, groundwater, and atmosphere. Emphasis on exchanges across phase boundaries: sediment/water interface; air/water gas exchange; particles, droplets, and bubbles; small-scale dispersion and mixing; effect of reactions on transport; linkages between physical, chemical, and biological processes. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (W)

263B. Advanced Topics in Transport at Environmental Interfaces. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisite: course 263A. In-depth treatment of selected topics involving transport phenomena at environmental interfaces between solid, fluid, and gas phases, such as aquatic sediments, porous aggregates, and vegetative canopies. Discussion of theoretical models and experimental observations. Application to important environmental engineering problems. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (Sp)

265A. Mass Transfer in Environmental Systems. (4)

Lecture, four hours; computer applications, two hours; outside study, eight hours. Designed for graduate environmental engineering program students. Physical chemistry and mass transfer fundamentals related to contaminant fate and transport in soil, air, and water systems, including soil/water sorption and desorption, contaminant retardation, vaporization and dissolution of nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPL), and other environmental systems. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (F)

265B. Contaminant Transport in Soils and Groundwater. (4)

Lecture, four hours; computer applications, two hours; outside study, six hours. Requisites: courses 250B, 265A. Principles of mass transfer as they apply in soil and groundwater, independent estimation of transport model parameters; remediating hazardous waste sites. Letter grading. Mr. Stolzenbach (Sp)

266. Environmental Biotechnology. (4)

Lecture, four hours; outside study, eight hours. Requisites: courses 153, 254A. Environmental biotechnology -- concept and potential, biotechnology of pollutional control, bioremediation, biomass conversion: composting, biogas and bioethanol production. Letter grading. Ms. Jay (Sp)

296. Advanced Topics in Civil Engineering. (2 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Discussion of current research and literature in research specialty of faculty member teaching course. S/U grading. (F,W,Sp)

297. Seminar: Current Topics in Civil Engineering. (2 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Lectures, discussions, and student presentations and projects in areas of current interest in civil engineering. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading. (F,W,Sp)

298. Seminar: Engineering. (2 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Seminars may be organized in advanced technical fields. If appropriate, field trips may be arranged. May be repeated with topic change. Letter grading.

375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum. (1 to 4)

Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as a teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of a regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at the University. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

(F,W,Sp)

495. Teaching Assistant Training Seminar. (2)

Seminar, two hours. Preparation: appointment as teaching assistant in Civil and Environmental Engineering Department. Seminar on communication of civil engineering principles, concepts, and methods; teaching assistant preparation, organization, and presentation of material, including use of visual aids; grading, advising, and rapport with students. S/U grading. (F)

596. Directed Individual or Tutorial Studies. (2 to 8)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Petition forms to request enrollment may be obtained from assistant dean, Graduate Studies. Supervised investigation of advanced technical problems. S/U grading.

597A. Preparation for M.S. Comprehensive Examination. (2 to 12)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Reading and preparation for M.S. comprehensive examination. S/U grading.

597B. Preparation for Ph.D. Preliminary Examinations. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. S/U grading.

597C. Preparation for Ph.D. Oral Qualifying Examination. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Preparation for oral qualifying examination, including preliminary research on dissertation. S/U grading.

598. Research for and Preparation of M.S. Thesis. (2 to 12)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Supervised independent research for M.S. candidates, including thesis prospectus. S/U grading.

599. Research for and Preparation of Ph.D. Dissertation. (2 to 16)

Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate civil engineering students. Usually taken after students have been advanced to candidacy. S/U grading.